July 18: Issue 136

Page 11 - NUTRITION AND BONE HEALTH by Leona Courtney
References
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2 Finklestein J et al (2008). Bone Mineral Density Changes during the Menopause Transition in a Multiethnic Cohort of Women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 93(3) 861-8
3 Ström O et al (2011). Osteoporosis: Burden, healthcare provision and opportunities in the EU: A report prepared in collaboration with the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) and the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industry Associations (EFPIA). Arch. Osteoporos. 6, 59-155
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6 Department of Health, Dietary Reference Values for Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom. HMSO, 1991
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8 Committee to review dietary reference intakes for vitamin D and calcium. Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine (2010). Dietary Reference Intakes for calcium and vitamin D. Washington, DC: National Academy Press
9 Holick (2005). J Nutr 135 (11), 2739S-48S
10 Public Health England and Food Standards Agency (Revised 2017). The National Diet and Nutrition Survey. Results from years 1-4 (combined) from the rolling programme (2008/09 - 2011/12)
11 Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (2016). Vitamin D and Health Report, available at: www.gov.uk/government/groups/scientific-advisory-committee-on-nutrition
12 Heaney RP and Rafferty K (2001). Carbonated beverages and urinary calcium excretion. Amer J Clin Nutr 74:343-7
13 Campos-Obando N et al (2017). Serum Phosphate is associated with fracture risk: The Rotterdam Study and MrOS. J Bone and Mineral Research, 32(6): 1182-93
14 Rude RK et al (2009). Skeletal and hormonal effects of magnesium deficiency. J Am Coll Nutr, 28:131-41
15 New SA et al (2000). Dietary influences on bone mass and bone metabolism: further evidence of a positive link between fruit and vegetable intake and bone health. Am J Clin Nutr, 71:142-51
16 Heaney RP and Layman DK (2008). Amount and type of protein influences bone health. Am J Clin Nutr. 87(5):1567S-70
17 Hannan MT et al (2000). Effect of dietary protein on bone loss in elderly men and women: the Framingham Osteoporosis Study. J Bone Miner Res, 15(12): 2504-12
18 Sahni S et al (2014). Association of total protein intake with bone mineral density and bone loss in men and women from the Framingham Offspring Study. Public Health Nutr. 17(11): 2570-6
19 McLean RR et al (2004). Homocysteine as a predictive factor for hip fracture in older persons. N Engl J Med. 350(20):2042–9.
20 Sahni S & Kiel DP (2015) Smoking, alcohol and bone health. In: Holick MF, Nieves JW, editors. Nutrition and Bone Health. 2nd edn. New York© Springer New York; 30: 489-504
21 Kanis JA et al (2005). Smoking and fracture risk: a meta-analysis. Osteoporosis Int.16: 155-62
22 Whisner CM and Castillo LF (2018). Prebiotics, Bone and Mineral Metabolism. Calcif Tissues Int. 102(4): 43-79
23 van den Heuvel E et al (2000). Trans-galacto-oligosaccharides stimulate calcium absorption in postmenopausal women. J Nutr 130: 2938-2942
24 Welch A et al (2017). Dietary Magnesium May Be Protective for Aging of Bone and Skeletal Muscle in Middle and Younger Older Age Men and Women: Cross-Sectional, Findings from the UK Biobank Cohort. Nutrients, 9, 1189
25 Tucker KL, Hannan MT, Qiao N, Jacques PF, Selhub J, Cupples LA, et al. Low Plasma Vitamin B(12) is associated with lower BMD: the Framingham Osteoporosis Study. J Bone Miner Res. 2005; 20(1): 152-8
26 van Wijngaarden JP et al (2014). Effect of daily vitamin B-12 and folic acid supplementation on fracture incidence in elderly individuals with an elevated plasma homocysteine concentration: B-PROOF, a randomised controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 100(6): 1578-86
27 Gommans J et al (2013). The effect of homocysteine-lowering with B-vitamins on osteoporotic fractures in patients with cerebrovascular disease: sub-study of VITATOPS, a randomised placebo-controlled trial. BMC Geriatr. 2013; 13:88

Page 19 - VITAMIN D IN THE UK: AN OVERVIEW by Emma Berry
References
1 Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition. Vitamin D and Health (2016). Available at: www.gov.uk/government/publications/sacn-vitamin-d-and-health-report. Accessed 5th June 2018
2 Webb AR, Kazantzidis A, Kift RC, Farrar MD, Wilkinson J and Rhodes LE. Meeting vitamin D requirements in white Caucasians at UK latitudes: providing a choice. Nutrients (2018). 10(4): doi:10.3390/nu10040497
3 Kent Online. Rising number of Vitamin D deficiency cases in Kent. 2018. Available at: www.kentonline.co.uk/kent/news/lack-of-sun-making-us-ill-183558/. Accessed 5th June 2018
4 Daily Express. Vitamin D deficiency - what foods could boost your ‘sunshine’ vitamin intake? 2018. Available at: https://www.express.co.uk/life-style/health/969044/vitamin-d-deficiency-symptoms-foods-diet-fish-egg. Accessed 13th June 2018
5 Forbes. Study links vitamin D deficiency to more fat around the waistline (2018). Available at: www.forbes.com/sites/daviddisalvo/2018/05/23/study-links-vitamin-d-deficiency-to-obesity-but-questions-remain/#1e8b4ec12a86. Accessed 6th June 2018
6 Rafiq R, Walschot F, Lips P, Lamb H, de Roos A, Rosendaal F, den Heijer M, de Jongh R and de Mutsert R. Associations of different body fat deposits with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations. Endocrine Abstracts (2018). Available at: www.endocrine-abstracts.org/ea/0056/ea0056OC6.5.htm. Accessed 9th June 2018
7 Athanassiou L, Kostoglou-Athanassiou I, Koteli A, Mavragani C, Athannasiou P and Koutsilieris M. Vitamin D and obesity. Endocrine Abstracts (2018). Available at: www.endocrine-abstracts.org/ea/0056/ea0056p290.htm. Accessed 9th June 2018
8 Pereira-Santos M, Costa PRF, Assis AMO, Santos CAST and Santos DB. Obesity and vitamin D deficiency: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity Review. 2015. 16(4): https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12239
9 NHS Digital. Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet. England: 2017. Available at: www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/613532/obes-phys-acti-diet-eng-2017-rep.pdf. Accessed 4th December 2017
10 Holland and Barrett. Vitamin D3 250 Tablets 10ug. Available at: www.hollandandbarrett.com/shop/product/holland-barrett-vitamin-d3-tablets-10ug-60001140?skuid=001143. Accessed 11th June 2018
11 Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs. 2014. Available at: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/287673/margarine-fortification-sum-resp-201403.pdf. Accessed 13th June 2018
12 Harika RK, Dotsch-Klerk M, Zock PL and Eilander A. Compliance with Dietary Guidelines and Increased Fortification Can Double Vitamin D Intake: A Simulation Study. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism (2017). 69(3-4): 246-255

Page 23 - THE ROLE OF EGGS IN THE NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES by Amy Smith
Reference List
1 Naser I (2016). Role of protein-based food (PBF) in combating undernutrition; milk and eggs as an example. J Nutr Disorders Ther 6:184
2 Baum J, Miller J and Gaines B. (2017). The effect of egg supplementation on growth parameters in children participating in a school feeding program in rural Uganda: a pilot study. Food & Nutrition Research, 61(1)
3 British Nutrition Foundation (2016). Nutrient Requirements. Found at: www.nutrition.org.uk/attachments/article/234/Nutrition%20Requirements_Revised%20Oct%202016.pdf [Accessed 10/04/18]
4 Muller O, Krawinkel M (2005). Malnutrition and health in developing countries. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 173(3), 279-286
5 Coulthard M (2015). Oedema in kwashiorkor is caused by hypoalbuminaemia. Paediatrics and International Child Health, 35(2), 83-89
6 Aguayo V, Nair R, Badgaiyan N et al (2016). Determinants of stunting and poor linear growth in children under 2 years of age in India: An in‐depth analysis of Maharashtra's comprehensive nutrition survey. Maternal & Child Nutrition, 12(S1), 121-140
7 Mosites E, Aol G, Otiang E et al (2017). Child height gain is associated with consumption of animal-source foods in livestock-owning households in western Kenya. Public Health Nutrition, 20(2), 336-345
8 Shuang L, Xiaoqi H, Fan Z et al (2015). Effects of egg and milk supplementation on the physical development of poor rural children. Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine, 49( 8 ), 733-737
9 Iannotti L, Lutter C, Stewart C et al (2017). Eggs in early complementary feeding and child growth: a randomised controlled trial. American Academy Pediatrics Journal 140(1)
10 Dutta A, Ghosh S (2017). Impact of integrated child development scheme on child malnutrition in West Bengal, India. Maternal & Child Nutrition 13(4)
11 Iannotti L, Lutter C, Stewart C, Riofrío C, Malo C, Reinhart G, Palacios A, Karp C, Chapnick M, Cox K, Waters W (2017). Eggs early in complementary feeding increase choline pathway biomarkers and DHA: a randomised controlled trial in Ecuador The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 106(6), p 148-1489
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14 Griffin B (2016). Eggs: Good or bad? Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 75(3), pp 259-264
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16 Pettifor J (2014). Calcium and vitamin D metabolism in children in developing countries. Ann Nutr Metab. 2014;,64, Suppl 2:15-22
17 NHS (2017). Vitamin D. Found at www.nhs.uk/conditions/vitamins-and-minerals/vitamin-d/ [Accessed 17/04/18]
18 Kumar G, Kaur M, Rehman A et al (2015). Effects of vitamin D supplementation in infancy on growth, bone parameters, body composition and gross motor development at age 3-6 years: follow-up of a randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Epidemiology, 44(3), p 894-905
19 Koo W and Walyat N (2013). Vitamin D and skeletal growth and development. Current Osteoporosis Reports 11(3) p 188-193
20 FSA NDA Panel (EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies) (2016). Scientific opinion on Dietary Reference Values for choline. EFSA Journal 14(8), p 70
21 Schall I, Mascarenhas R, Maqbool A et al (2016). Choline supplementation with a structured lipid in children with cystic fibrosis: A randomised placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 62(4), p 618-26
22 Sanders L, Zeisel SH (2007). Choline: Dietary requirements and role in brain development. Nutrition Today, 42(4), p 181-186
23 Gary M, Shaw S, Carmichael L et al (2004). Periconceptional dietary intake of choline and betaine and neural tube defects in offspring. American Journal of Epidemiology, 160(2), p 102-109
24 Kapil U (2007). Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J Health. Consequences of iodine deficiency. 7(3), p 267-272
25 BDA (2016). Food Fact Sheet: Iodine. Found at: www.bda.uk.com/foodfacts/Iodine.pdf [Accessed 18/06/18]
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29 Hoffman D, Theuer R, Castañeda Y et al (2004). Maturation of visual acuity is accelerated in breastfed term infants fed baby food containing DHA-enriched egg yolk, The Journal of Nutrition, 134(9), p 2307-2313
30 National Research Council (US) Committee on Technological Options to Improve the Nutritional Attributes of Animal Products (1988). Designing Foods: Animal product options in the marketplace; processing options for improving the nutritional value of poultry meat and egg products. Washington: National Academies Press
31 Finglas PM et al (2015). McCance and Widdowson’s The Composition of Foods, Seventh summary edition. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry

Page 29 - HOW TO MANAGE FUSSY EATING IN TODDLERS by Dr Gill Harris
References

1 Fildes A, van Jaarsveld C, Cooke L, Wardle J and Llewellyn C (2014). Common genetic architecture underlying young children’s food fussiness and liking for vegetables and fruit. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Apr; 99(4): 911-7
2 Harris G and Mason S (2017). Are There Sensitive Periods for Food Acceptance in Infancy? In Prenatal, Neonatal and Maternal Nutrition section of vol 6, issue 2 of Current Nutrition Reports. (Eds: Djoussé L and Coulthard H). DOI: 10.1007/s13668-017-0203-0
3 Bell KI, Tepper BJ (2006). Short-term vegetable intake by young children classified by 6-n-propylthoiuracil bitter-taste phenotype. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 84: 245-251
4 Cooke L, Wardle J and Gibson EL (2003). Relationship between parental report of food neophobia and everyday food consumption in 2- to 6-year-old children. Appetite, 41(2), 205e206
5 Brown S and Harris G (2012). Rejection of known and previously accepted foods during early childhood: an extension of the Neophobic response? International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition; 1, 72-81
6 Coulthard H and Blissett J (2009). Fruit and vegetable consumption in children and their mothers. Moderating effects of child sensory sensitivity. Appetite, 52(2),410e415
7 Dovey TM, Aldridge VK, Dignan W, Staples PA, Gibson EL and Halford CG (2012). Developmental differences in sensory decision making involved in deciding to try a novel fruit. British Journal of Health Psychology, 72, 258-272
8 Werthmann J, Jansen A, Havermans R, Nederkoorn C, Kremers S, Roefs A (2015). Bits and pieces. Food texture influences food acceptance in young children. Appetite; 84: 181-187
9 Nederkoorn C, Jansen A and Havermans RC (2015). Feel your food. The influence of tactile sensitivity on picky eating in children. Appetite; 84, 7-10
10 Nederkoorn C, Theiβen J, Tummers M and Roefs A (2018). Taste the feeling or feel the tasting: Tactile exposure to food texture promotes food acceptance Appetite; 120, 297-301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2017.09.010
11 HarrisG (2017). Neophobia at 20 months: A visual categorisation problem? In Reilly S (Ed) Food Neophobia: Behavioral and Biological Influences. Elsevier, San Diego, California
12 Brown S and Harris G (2012). Disliked food acting as a contaminant during infancy; a disgust based motivation for rejection. Appetite; 58, 2, 535-58
13 Brown S, Harris G, Bell L and Lines LM (2012). Disliked food acting as a contaminant in a sample of young children. Appetite, 58, 3, 991-996
14 Farrow CV and Coulthard H (2012). Relationships between sensory sensitivity, anxiety and selective eating in children. Appetite, 58, 842-884
15 Pliner P, Eng A and Krishnan K (1995). The effects of fear on hunger on food neophobia in humans. Appetite; 25, 77-87
16 Heath P, Houston-Price C and Kennedy OB (2014). Let's look at leeks! Picture books increase toddlers' willingness to look at, taste and consume unfamiliar vegetables. Front Psychol, 5, 191
17 Holley CE, Haycraft E and Farrow C (2015). 'Why don't you try it again?' A comparison of parent-led home-based interventions aimed at increasing children's consumption of a disliked vegetable. Appetite, 87, 215-222
18 Rioux C, Lafraire J and Picard D (2018). Visual exposure and categorisation performance positively influence 3- to 6-year-old children's willingness to taste unfamiliar vegetables. Appetite; 120, 32-42
19 Monnery-Patris S, Wagner S, Rigal N, Schwart C, Chabanet C, Issanchou S, Nicklaus S (2015). Smell differential reactivity, but not taste differential reactivity, is related to food neophobia in toddlers. Appetite; 95: 303-309
20 Coulthard H and Sealy A (2017). Play with your food! Sensory play is associated with tasting of fruits and vegetables in preschool children. Appetite, 113, 84-90
21 Coulthard H, Williamson I, Palfreyman Z, Lyttle S (2018). Evaluation of a pilot sensory play intervention to increase fruit acceptance in preschool children. Appetite, 120 609e615
22 Allirot X, Maiz E and Urdaneta E (2018). Shopping for food with children: A strategy for directing their choices toward novel foods containing vegetables. Appetite; 120, 287e296
23 Remington A, Anez E, Croker H, Wardle J, Cooke L (2012). Increasing food acceptance in the home setting: a randomised controlled trial of parent-administered taste exposure with incentives. Am J Clin Nutr, 95(1), 72-77
24 Fildes A, van Jaarsveld C H, Wardle J, Cooke L (2014b). Parent-administered exposure to increase children's vegetable acceptance: a randomised controlled trial. J Acad Nutr Diet, 114(6), 881-888
25 Horne PJ, Greenhalgh J, Erjavec M, Lowe CF, Viktor S, Whitaker CJ (2011). Increasing preschool children's consumption of fruit and vegetables. A modelling and rewards intervention. Appetite, 56(2), 375e385
26 Lakkaluka A, Geaghan J, Zanovec M, Pierce S, Tuuri G (2010). Ten tastes do improve the liking of disliked vegetables in older children, but the effect is stronger with a sweet tasting vegetable. Appetite, 55, 2, 226-231
27 Caton SJ, Ahern SM, Remy E, Nicklaus S, Blundell P, Hetherington M (2013). Repetition counts: repeated exposure increases intake of a novel vegetable in UK preschool children compared to flavour-flavour learning and flavour-nutrient learning. British Journal of Nutrition, 109, 2089-2097
28 Holley CE, Farrow C and Haycraft E (2017). A Systematic Review of Methods for Increasing Vegetable Consumption in Early Childhood. Curr Nutr Rep (2017). 6: 157-170 DOI 10.1007/s13668-017-0202-1
29 Blissett J, Bennett C, Fogel A, HarrisG and Higgs S (2016). Parental modelling and prompting effects on acceptance of a novel fruit in 2-4 year-old children are dependent on children’s food responsiveness. British Journal of Nutrition, 115, 03, 554-564
30 Galloway AT, Fiorito LM, Francis LA, Birch LL (2006). “Finish your soup”: counterproductive effects of pressuring children to eat on intake and affect. Appetite. 46, 318-323
31 Batsell RW, Brown AS, Ansfield ME, Paschall GY (2002). You will eat all of that! A retrospective analysis of forced consumption episodes. Appetite, 38(3), 211-219
32 Cooke LJ, Chambers LC, An˜ez EV, Wardle J (2011). Facilitating or undermining? The effect of reward on food acceptance. A narrative review. Appetite 57 (2), 493-497

Page 31 - GLUTEN-FREE DIET - FACT OR FAD? By Rebecca Gasche
References
1 Biesiekierski J (2017). What is gluten? Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 32, p 78-81
2 Lomer M and Stuart A (2014). Advanced nutrition and dietetics in gastroenterology. Chichester, England: Wiley Blackwell
3 Coeliac UK (2018). Law on gluten free [online]. Available at: www.coeliac.org.uk/gluten-free-diet-and-lifestyle/food-shopping/law-on-gluten-free/ [Accessed 17 May 2018]
4 British Dietetic Association. UK evidence-based practice guidelines for the dietetic management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in adults. Birmingham. September 2010
5 Coeliac UK (2018). Gluten sensitivity [online]. Available at: www.coeliac.org.uk/coeliac-disease/about-coeliac-disease-and-dermatitis-herpetiformis/gluten-sensitivity/ [Accessed 15 Mar. 2018]
6 Drschaer-institute.com (2018).Non-coeliac gluten sensitivity Definition [online]. Available at: www.drschaer-institute.com/uk/non-coeliac-gluten-sensitivity/definition-1069.html [Accessed 15 Mar. 2018]
7 Anaphylaxis.org.uk (2018) [online]. Available at: www.anaphylaxis.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Wheat-Allergy-v5-formatted-with-AC-logo-and-name-1.pdf [Accessed 15 Mar. 2018]
8 Saner E (2018). Gluten-free: health fad or life-saving diet? [online] The Guardian. Available at: www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2015/feb/25/gluten-free-diet-life-saving-fad [Accessed 17 May 2018]
9 Fry L, Madden A and Fallaize R (2017). An investigation into the nutritional composition and cost of gluten-free versus regular food products in the UK. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 31(1), p 108-120
10 Lee A, Ng D, Zivin J and Green P (2007). Economic burden of a gluten-free diet. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 20(5), p 423-430
11 THOMPSON T (2000). Folate, Iron, and Dietary Fibre Contents of the Gluten-free Diet. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 100(11), p 1389-1396
12 Hallert C, Grant C, Grehn S, Granno C, Hulten S, Midhagen G, Strom M, Svensson H and Valdimarsson T (2002). Evidence of poor vitamin status in coeliac patients on a gluten-free diet for 10 years. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 16(7), p 1333-1339
13 Coeliac UK. Ingredients frequently asked questions. Codex wheat starch. www.coeliac.org.uk/gluten-free-diet-and-lifestyle/food-and-drink-information/ingredients-frequently-asked-questions/

Page 35 - ONS IN CARE HOMES AND THE COMMUNITY: NUTRITION REVIEW AND STAFF EDUCATION by Maria Cazzulani
References:
1 Stratton RJ, Green CJ and Elia M (2003). Disease-related malnutrition: an evidence-based approach to treatment: Cabi
2 Malnutrition Task Force (2016). About Malnutrition. Available from: www.malnutritiontaskforce.org.uk/about/ [Accessed 01 June 2018]
3 Office for National Statistics (2016). Population Estimates Summary for the UK, mid-2015. Available from: www.ons.gov.uk/file?uri=/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/datasets/populationestimatesforukenglandandwalesscotlandandnorthernireland/mid2015/ukmye2015.zip [Accessed 01 June 2018]
4 Russell C and Elia M (2011). Nutrition Screening Survey in the UK and Republic of Ireland in 2010. A report by BAPEN
5 Mountford CG, Okonkwo AC, Hart K and Thompson NP (2016). Managing malnutrition in older persons residing in care homes: Nutritional and clinical outcomes following a screening and intervention program. Journal of nutrition in gerontology and geriatrics, 35(1), 52-66
6 Baldwin C and Weekes C (2012). Dietary counselling with or without oral nutritional supplements in the management of malnourished patients: a systematic review and meta‐analysis of randomised controlled trials. Journal of human nutrition and dietetics, 25(5), 411-426
7 Produced by a multi-professional consensus panel (2012). A Guide to Managing Adult Malnutrition in the Community. www.malnutritionpathway.co.uk [Accessed 01 June 2018]

Page 38 - FOOD-BASED ACTIVITY AND DEMENTIA IN PRACTICE by Gill Hooper
References
1 Hooper G, Holmes J. Food-based activity and person-centred care for older people in care homes. NHD March 2018
2 Holmes J, Murphy J, Scammell J. Eating and Drinking Well: Supporting People Living with Dementia (2015). Bournemouth University
3 www.qualitycarecheadle.co.uk/?page_id=77
4 www.alzheimers.org.uk/info/20029/daily_living/15/exercise_and_physical_activity/2

Page 41 - EXTENDED ROLES IN DIETETICS: A CASE STUDY by Kaylee Allan
References
1 Ryan D, Pelly F, Purcell E. Exploring extended scope of practice in dietetics: a systems approach. Nutrition & dietetics: the journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia. 2017; 74: 334
1a. The British Dietetic Association (BDA) Professional Development Guidance Document for Extended Scope Practice, available from: www.bda.uk.com/publications/professional/extendedscope2015 [accessed 09/04/2018
2 Saxon RL, Gray MA, Oprescu FI. Extended roles for allied health professionals: an updated systematic review of the evidence. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare. 2014; 7: 479
3 Marsland C. Dietitians and small bowel feeding tube placement. Nutrition in Clinical Practice. 2010; 25: 270-276
4 De Jong A, Molinari N, Sebbane M et al. Feasibility and effectiveness of prone position in morbidly obese patients with ARDS: A Case-Control Clinical Study. Chest. 2013; 143: 1554-1561
5 Eid I, Birch DW, Sharma AM, Sherman V, Karmali S. Complications associated with adjustable gastric banding for morbid obesity: a surgeon's guide.(Clinical report). Canadian Journal of Surgery. 2011; 54: 61
6 The British Dietetic Association (BDA) Advanced Practice: Capabilities for Advanced Practice in Dietetics, 2012. Birmingham. Available from: https://www.bda.uk.com/professional/practice/advanced [Accessed 25/04/2018]
7 National Leadership and Innovation Agency for Healthcare (2011). Framework for Advanced Nursing, Midwifery and Allied Health Professional Practice in Wales. www.wales.nhs.uk/sitesplus/documents/829/NLIAH%20Advanced%20Practice%20Framework.pdf [Accessed 25/4/18]
8 NHS England (2017). Next steps on the NHS five year forward view. London. www.england.nhs.uk/ahp/ahps-into-action/ [Accessed 16/05/2018]

Page 44 - IODINE: COMBATTING DEFICIENCY by Charlie Cooke
References

1 World Health Organisation (WHO), UNICEF, ICCIDD (2007). Assessment of iodine deficiency disorders and monitoring their elimination: A guide for programme managers. Third edition (updated 1st Sept 2008) http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/43781/9789241595827_eng.pdf;jsessionid=713C852FC7FD0CB48E744B9A5350FE3C?sequence=1
2 Vanderpump et al (2011). Iodine status of UK schoolgirls: a cross-sectional survey. The Lancet, vol 377, issue 9782, 11-17:2007-2012. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21640375
3 ICCIDD: www.ign.org/index.cfm
4 Michael B Zimmermann. Iodine Deficiency. Endocrine Reviews, vol 30, issue 4, 1 June 2009, p 376-408,https://doi.org/10.1210/er.2009-0011
5 Barnett CA, Visser TJ, Williams F et al (2002). Inadequate iodine intake of 40% of pregnant women from a region in Scotland. J Endocrinol Invest, 25: 90
6 Phillips DIW (1997). Iodine, milk and the elimination of endemic goitre in Britain: the story of an accidental public health triumph. J Epidemiol Community Health, 51: 391-393
7 www.foodsafety.govt.nz/elibrary/industry/Iodine_Fortification-Background_Information.htm
8 Charlton K, Probst Y and Kiene G (2016). Dietary Iodine Intake of the Australian Population after Introduction of a Mandatory Iodine Fortification Programme. Nutrients. 2016 Nov; 8(11): 701. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5133088/
9 Dianjun Sun, Karen Codling, Suying Chang, Shubin Zhang, Hongmei Shen, Xiaohui Su, Zupei Chen, Robert W Scherpbier and Jun Yan (2017). Eliminating Iodine Deficiency in China: Achievements, Challenges and Global Implications. Nutrients. 2017 Apr; 9(4): 361. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5409700/
10 John H Lazarus and Peter PA Smyth (2008). Iodine deficiency in the UK and Ireland. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61390-2

Further reading
The Lancet. (2008) Iodine deficiency: a way to go yet. Lancet, 372:88
B de Benoist et al (2008). Iodine deficiency in 2007; global progress since 2003. Food Nutr Bull, 29: 195-202