June 17: Issue 125

Page 8 – Sugar and salt update

1 Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) (2015). Carbohydrates and health. London: SACN. 

2 SACN (2003). Salt and health. London: HMSO

3 CASH (2016). www.actiononsalt.org.uk/UK%20Salt%20Reduction%20Programme/145617.html

4 SACN (2003). Salt and Health. www.gov.uk/government/publications/sacn-salt-and-health-report

5 Henderson L et al (2003). National Diet and Nutrition Survey. London: HMSO

6 Bates B et al (2016). National Diet and Nutrition Survey rolling programme years 5-6. PHE/FSA

7 Gregory J et al (2000). National Diet and Nutrition Survey: young people aged 4 to 18 years. London: HMSO

8 IFS (2014). www.ifs.org.uk/publications/7330

9 He FJ et al (2014). British Medical Journal http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/4/4/e004549

10 Knai C et al (2015). Food Policy 54: 1-10. www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306919215000391

11 Malam S et al (2009). http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20131104005023/http://www.food.gov.uk/multimedia/pdfs/pmpreport.pdf

12 www.foodmanufacture.co.uk/Ingredients/Sugar-reduction-target-of-20-in-foods-a-challenge/?utm_source=Newsletter_Subject&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Newsletter%2BSubject&c=yAZPv%2FkVr1g5fPmd8ELg4w%3D%3D

13 www.gov.uk/government/news/soft-drinks-industry-levy-12-things-you-should-know

14 www.just-drinks.com/news/coca-cola-european-partners-reduces-uk-fanta-orange-sugar-content_id122736.aspx

15 www.gov.uk/government/publications/salt-reduction-targets-for-2017

16 www.foodmanufacture.co.uk/Ingredients/Kit-Kats-receive-sugar-cut/?utm_source=Newsletter_Subject&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Newsletter%2BSubject&c=yAZPv%2FkVr1hSUs4UzFKNgQ%3D%3D

Page 11 COPD: Nutrition and weight management

1 Association of Respiratory Nurse Specialist (2016). Green Leaflet: Eating Well for Your Lungs [pdf]. Available at: https://arns.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Green-Leaflet.pdf [Last accessed 06/01/2017]

2 Banner J, Bowden M, Cotton J, Holdoway A, King S, Nathan A, Potts O, Weekes E, Wilkinson T (2016). Managing Malnutrition in COPD [pdf]. Available at: www.malnutritionpathway.co.uk/files/uploads/Managing_Malnutrition_in_COPD.pdf [Last accessed 06/01/2017]

3 Berthon BS and Wood LG (2015). Nutrition and respiratory health - feature review. Nutrients, 7 (3); 1618-1643. Available at: www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/7/3/1618 [Last accessed 23/03/2017]

4 British Lung Foundation. (2016). Battle for Breath - the impact of lung disease in the UK. Available at: https://statistics.blf.org.uk/ [Last accessed 11/05/2017]

5 Cao C, Wang R, Wang J, Bunjhoo H, Xu Y, Xiong W (2012). Body Mass Index and Mortality in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Meta-Analysis. PLOS ONE, [online] 7(8): e43892. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0043892. Available at: www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0043892 [Last accessed 06/01/2017]

6 Collins PF, Elia M, Stratton R (2013). Nutritional support in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, [online] 95(6): 1385-1395. Available at: http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/95/6/1385.long [Last accessed 06/01/2017]

7 Gross RD, Atwood CW, Ross SB, Olszewski JW, Eichhorn KA (2009). The coordination of breathing and swallowing in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, [online] 179; 559-565. Available at: www.atsjournals.org/doi/full/10.1164/rccm.200807-1139OC [Last accessed 06/01/2017]

8 Lancet, (2016). Don’t forget the diet. Available at: www.thelancet.com/journals/lanres/article/PIIS2213-2600(16)30236-3/fulltext [Last accessed 11/05/2017]

9 Public Health England. (2016). The Eatwell Guide. [pdf] Available at: www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/551502/Eatwell_Guide_booklet.pdf [Last accessed 06/01/2017]

10 Public Health England (2016). The Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition Vitamin D and health report. Available at: www.gov.uk/government/publications/sacn-vitamin-d-and-health-report

11 Rutten EPA, Wouters EFM, Franssen FME (2013). Malnutrition and obesity in COPD. European Respiratory Monograph, 59; 80-92

12 Sarkar M, Bhardwaj R, Madabhavi I, Khatana J (2015). Osteoporosis in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Clinical Medicine Insights: Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine, 9; 5-21. doi: 10.4137/CCRP M.S22803. Available at: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4358421/ [Last accessed 23/03/2017]

13 Stratton RJ, Green CJ, Elia M (2003). Disease related malnutrition: an evidence-based approach to treatment. Wallingford, Oxon OX10 8DE, UK: CAB International.

14 Wüthrich B, Schmid A, Walther B, Sieber R (2005). Milk consumption does not lead to mucus production or occurrence of asthma. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, [online] Dec; 24 (6 Suppl): 547S-55S. Available at: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16373954 [Last accessed 06/01/2017]

Page 19 Infant and young child formula milks: the current UK market

1 Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/127 of 25 September 2015 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the specific compositional and information requirements for infant formula and follow-on formula and as regards requirements on information relating to infant and young child feeding (Text with EEA relevance). Available online: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv%3AOJ.L_.2016.025.01.0001.01.ENG (April 2017). Feeding Products for Babies And Children (Advertising and Promotion) (April 2017)

2 World Health Organisation (1981). International Code of Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes. Available online: www.who.int/nutrition/publications/infantfeeding/9241541601/en/ (April 2017)

3 World Health Assembly (2016). Ending inappropriate promotion of foods for infants and young children. Available online: http://apps.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/WHA69/A69_R9-en.pdf?ua=1 (April 2017)

4 House of Commons Hansard (2016). Feeding Products for Babies and Children (Advertising and Promotion). Available online: https://hansard.parliament.uk/commons/2016-11-16/debates/552A05C8-5D1C-4BDB-BB2A-03C37A034DD4/FeedingProductsForBabiesAndChildren (Advertising And Promotion) (Mar 2017)

5 Modi N (2016). The RCPCH and funding from infant formula companies. BMJ Opinion. Available online: http://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2016/10/31/neena-modi-the-rcpch-and-funding-from-infant-formula-companies/ (April 2017)

6 Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/17, supplementing Regulation (EU) No 609/2013

7 European Commission (2015). Supplementing Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the specific compositional and information requirements for infant formula and follow-on formula and as regards requirements on information relating to infant and young child feeding. Available online: http://ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/rep/3/2015/EN/3-2015-6478-EN-F1-1.PDF (April 2017)

8 Draft Scientific Opinion on the safety and suitability for use by infants of follow-on formulae with a protein content of at least 1.6g/100kcal. wwww.efsa.europa.eu/efsajournal. EFSA Journal 2017 (April 2017)

9 NICE (2015). Cows’ Milk Protein Allergy in Children. Available at: https://cks.nice.org.uk/cows-milk-protein-allergy-in-children#!scenario:1

10 The MAP Guideline. Available at: http://cowsmilkallergyguidelines.co.uk

11 Boyle RJ, Ierodiakonou D, Khan T et al (2016). Hydrolysed formula and risk of allergic or autoimmune disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. British Medical Journal; 352; i974

12 Vandenplas Y, Alarcon P, Fleischer D et al (2016). Should partial hydolysates be used as a starter infant formula? A Working Group Consensus. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 62, 22-35

Page 24 Body image and eating behaviours

1 Reflections on Body Image (May 2012). All Party Parliamentary Group on Body Image. YMCA Central

2 Overcoming Body Image Problems (Jan 2009). Veale, Wilson and Clarke. Constable and Robinson Ltd

3 Overcoming Body Image Disturbance: A Programme for people with Eating Disorders (Feb 2008). Bell and Rushworth. Routledge

Page 33 – Diet trends: High protein diets for weight loss

www.thesaurus.com/browse/trend?s=t (accessed 26th April 2017)

www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-22145709 (accessed 27th April 2017)

www.dukandiet.co.uk (accessed 27th April 2017)

https://uk.atkins.com/ (accessed 27th April 2017)

http://thepaleodiet.com (accessed 27th April 2017)

6 Department of Health (DoH) (1991). Dietary reference values for food energy and nutrients for the United Kingdom: report of the panel on Dietary Reference Values of the Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy, 41, 9th Impression 1997, Norwich, HM Stationery office.

www.nutrimen.co.uk (assessed 26th April 2017)

8 Thomas B and British Dietetic Association (2001). Manual of Dietetic Practice, 3rd Edition, Oxford, Blackwell Science Ltd

www.womenshealthmag.co.uk/weight-loss/healthy-eating/5894/the-truth-about-high-protein-cereal#ixzz4enspYDeS accessed 26th April 2017

10 http://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/labelling_nutrition/claims/nutrition_claims_en (accessed 26th April 2017).

11 Neal D, Barnard MD and Joy Lanou PhD (2004). Analysis of health problems associated with high protein, high fat and carbohydrate-restricted diets reported via an online registry. Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM)

12 Afaghi A, O’Connor H, Chow C.M. (2009). Short-term Atkins diet alters behaviour and glycaemic status of healthy human volunteers. Current topics in Nutraceutical research, 7, (3-4), November 2009, page113-120

13 Freeman TF, Wills B, Krywko DM (2014). Acute intractable vomiting and severe ketoacidosis secondary to the Dukan diet, Journal of emergency medicine, 47 (4) October 2014, page 109-12

14 Huang T et al. Cardiovascular disease mortality and cancer incidence in vegetarians: a meta-analysis and systematic review, Annals of nutrition metabolism, 2012:60, page 233-40

15 https://www.tesco.com/groceries/product/search/default.aspx?searchBox=wraps&newSort=true&search=Search (accessed 27th April 2017)

16 Wyka J et al (2015). Assessment of food intakes for women adopting the high protein Dukan diet, Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny, 66 (2), 2015, page 137-42

17 http://www.pennutrition.com/KnowledgePathway.aspx?kpid=25612&trid=25973&trcatid=42 (accessed 27th April 2017)

18 Orlich MJ (2013). Vegetarian dietary patterns and mortality in Adventist health study 2, Journal of American Medical Association, 2013, 173, page 1230-1238