November 17: Issue 129

PAGE 11 – KETOGENIC DIET THERAPY: WHATS ALL THE FUSS ABOUT?

1. Ward, Colin. Ketone body metabolism [internet]. 2015 Nov 18; Diapedia 51040851169 rev. no. 29. Available from: https://doi.org/10.14496/dia.51040851169.29 Accessed 28.9.17

2. www.ketogenic-diet-resource.com/ketoacidosis.html. Accessed 28.9.17

3. Paoli A, Rubini A, Volek JS, Grimaldi KA. Beyond weight loss: a review of the therapeutic uses of very-low carbohydrate (ketogenic) diets. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013; 67(8): 789-796

4. Paoli A, Bianco A, Damiani E, Bosco G. Ketogenic Diet in Neuromuscular and Neurodegenerative Diseases. Biomed Res Int. 2014; 2014: 474296

5. Feinman RD, Pogozelski WK, Astrup A, Bernstein RK et al. Dietary carbohydrate restriction as the first approach in diabetes management: critical review and evidence base. Nutrition. 2015; 31(1): 1-13

6. Klement R. Beneficial effects of ketogenic diets for cancer patients: a realist review with focus on evidence and confirmation. Med Oncol. 2017; 34:132

7. Liu YM, Lowe H, Zak MM, Kobayashi J et al. Can children with hyperlipidaemia receive ketogenic diet for medication-resistant epilepsy? J Child Neurol. 2013 Apr; 28(4): 479-83

8. Cervenka MC, Patton K, Eloyan A, Henry B et al. The impact of the modified Atkins diet on lipid profiles in adults with epilepsy. Nutr Neurosci. 2016; 19(3): 131-7

9. Kossoff EH, Zupec-Kania BA, Amark PE, Ballaban-Gil KR et al. Optimal clinical management of children receiving the ketogenic diet: Recommendations of the International Ketogenic Diet Study Group. Epilepsia Volume 50, Issue 2 2009, p 304-317

10. Masino SA (Editor). Ketogenic Diet and Metabolic Therapies: Expanded roles in health and disease. Oxford University Press. 2017.

Page 19 ARE PRESCRIBED ORAL NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS AN EFFECTIVE INTERVENTION IN PEOPLE LIVING WITH DEMENTIA?

1 Hines S, Wilson J, McCrow J, Abbey J and Sacre S. Oral liquid nutritional supplements for people with dementia in residential aged care facilities. Int J Evid Based Healthc. 8, 248-251 (2010)

2 Allen VJ, Methven L and Gosney MA. Use of nutritional complete supplements in older adults with dementia: Systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical outcomes. Clin Nutr 32, 950-957 (2013)

3 Hanson LC, Ersek M, Gilliam R and Carey TS. Oral feeding options for people with dementia: A systematic review. J Am Geriatr Soc. 59, 463-472 (2011)

4 Hubbard GP, Elia M, Holdoway A and Stratton RJ. A systematic review of compliance to oral nutritional supplements. Clin Nutr 31, 293-312 (2012)

5 Milne A et al. Protein and energy supplementation in elderly people at risk from malnutrition ( Review ). Cochrane Libr 2-4 (2009)

6 Manders M et al. The effect of a nutrient dense drink on mental and physical function in institutionalised elderly people. J Nutr Heal Aging 13, 760-767 (2009)

7 Simmons S, Zhuo X and Keeler E. Cost-effectiveness of nutrition interventions in nursing home residents: A pilot intervention. J Nutr Health Aging 14, 367-372 (2010)

8 Martin L. Innovation in the nutritional care of dementia. NHD Extra 115, 53-57 (2016). https://sites.create-cdn.net/sitefiles/27/1/5/271513/ISSUE_115_innovation_in_the_nutritional_care_of_dementia.pdf

9 Parrott MD, Young KWH and Greenwood CE. Energy-containing nutritional supplements can affect usual energy intake postsupplementation in institutionalised seniors with probable Alzheimer’s disease. J Am Geriatr Soc. 54, 1382-1387 (2006)

10 Cederholm T et al. ESPEN guidelines on definitions and terminology of clinical nutrition. Clin Nutr 36, 49-64 (2017)

11 Cederholm T et al. Diagnostic criteria for malnutrition - An ESPEN Consensus Statement. Clin Nutr 34, 335-340 (2015)

12 Lin L-C, Watson R and Wu S-C. What is associated with low food intake in older people with dementia? J Clin Nurs 19, 53-59 (2010)

13 Faxen-Irving G et al. The effect of nutritional intervention in elderly subjects residing in group-living for the demented. Eur J Clin Nutr. 56, 221-227 (2002).

14 Jansen S et al. Nutrition and dementia care: Informing dietetic practice. Nutr Diet 72, 36-46 (2015)

15 Keller HH. Improving food intake in persons living with dementia. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1367, 3-11 (2016)

Page 25 - COELIAC DISEASE: GLUTEN-FREE FOODS ON PRESCRIPTION - THE DEBATE

1 Coeliac UK. www.coeliac.org.uk/coeliac-disease/about-coeliac-disease-and-dermatitis-herpetiformis/

2 BMJ Press Release. Should gluten-free foods be available on prescription? 2017. www.bmj.com/company/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/gluten-free-foods.pdf

3 Gluten Free Foods: A Revised Prescribing Guideline 2011. (2011). www.coeliac.org.uk/gluten-free-diet-and-lifestyle/prescriptions/national-prescribing-guidelines/

4 NHS England, Annual Report 2015/16

5 NHS Improvement, Quarterly performance of the NHS provider sector: quarter 4 2016/17

6 The Availability of Gluten Free Foods on Prescription in Primary Care. Department of Health. 2017. www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/604842/Gluten_free_foods_cons.pdf

www.theguardian.com/society/2017/mar/28/nhs-draws-up-list-of-items-to-be-banned-from-prescriptions

www.gov.uk/government/news/consultation-launched-on-prescribing-of-gluten-free-foods

9 Haines ML, Anderson RP, Gibson PR. Systematic review: The evidence base for long-term management of coeliac disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2008; 28(9): 1042-66. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18671779

10 Leffler DA, Edwards George JB, Dennis M et al. A prospective comparative study of five measures of gluten-free diet adherence in adults with coeliac disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2007; 26: 1227-35. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17944737

11 NICE Coeliac Disease Quality Standard QS134, 2016. www.nice.org.uk/guidance/qs134

12 NICE NG20: Coeliac disease; recognition, assessment and management Appendix G HE Report. 2015

13 NICE Clinical Guideline CG124: The management of hip fractures in adults. 2011. www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg124

14 NICE NG20: Coeliac disease; recognition, assessment and management. 2015. www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng20

15 Henderson L, Irving K, Gregory J, Bates CJ, Prentice A, Perks J, Swan G, Farron M. National Diet and Nutrition Survey: adults aged 19-64 years vitamin and mineral intake and urinary analytes. 2003

16 O'Connor A. An overview of the role of bread in the UK diet. Nutrition Bulletin, 2012. 37(3): p. 193-212

17 Document: Department of Health consultation response. Coeliac UK. 2017. www.coeliac.org.uk/document-library/4509-department-of-health-consultation-response/

18 Singh J and Whelan K. Limited availability and higher cost of gluten-free. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 2011

19 Burden M et al. Cost and availability of gluten-free food in the UK: in store and online. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 2015: p. postgradmedj-2015-133395.

20 Food Information Research, Coeliac UK, 2006 Unpublished

Page 29 - PREMATURE INFANT FEEDING

1 Lawn JE, Cousens S, Zupan J for the Lancet Neonatal Survival Steering Team. 4 million neonatal deaths: When? Where? Why? Lancet 2005; 365: 891-900

2 Saigal S, Doyle LW. An overview of mortality and sequelae of preterm birth from infancy to adulthood. Lancet 2008; 371: 261-9.doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60136-1

3 Childhood mortality in England and Wales: 2015. Office for National Statistics. www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/childhoodinfantandperinatalmortalityinenglandandwales/2015. Accessed 7th October 2017

4 Shalini Santhakumaran, Yevgeniy Statnikov, Daniel Gray, Cheryl Battersby, Deborah Ashby, Neena Modi, on behalf of the Medicines for Neonates Investigator Group. Survival of very preterm infants admitted to neonatal care in England 2008-2014: time trends and regional variation. BMJ June 2017. Downloaded from http://fn.bmj.com/7th October 2017

5 Cooke RWI. Are there critical periods for brain growth in children born preterm? Arch Dis Child: Fetal Neonatal Ed 2006; 91 (1): 17-20

6 Isaacs EB, Gadian DG, Sabatini S et al. The effect of early human diet on caudate volumes and IQ. Pediatr Res 2008; 63 (3): 308-14

7 Lucas A, Morley R, Cole TJ. Randomised trial of early diet in preterm babies and later intelligence quotient. BMJ 1998; 317 (7171): 1481-87

8 Dabydeen L, Thomas JE, Aston TJ, Hartley H, Sinha SK, Eyre JA. High-energy and -protein diet increases brain and corticospinal tract growth in term and preterm infants after perinatal brain injury. Pediatrics 2008; 121 (1): 148-56

9 Tsang RC, Lucas A, Uauy R, Zlotkin S. Nutritional needs of the preterm infant: scientific basis and practical guidelines. Baltimore: 2006, Williams & Wilkins

10 Agostoni C, Buonocore G, Carnielli VP, De Curtis M, Darmaun D, Decsi T, Domellöf M, Embleton ND, Fusch C, Genzel-Boroviczeny O, Goulet O, Kalhan SC, Kolacek S, Koletzko B, Lapillonne A, Mihatsch W, Moreno L, Neu J, Poindexter B, Puntis J, Putet G, Rigo J, Riskin A, Salle B, Sauer P, Shamir R, Szajewska H, Thureen P, Turck D, van Goudoever JB, Ziegler EE. Enteral Nutrition Supply for Preterm Infants: Commentary from the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Committee. (ESPGHAN). JPGN 2010; 50: 1-9

11 Koletzko B, Poindexter B, Uauy R. Nutritional Care of Preterm Infants. Scientific Basis and Practical Guidelines. Karger 2014.

12 Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition. Dietary Reference Values for Energy. SACN, London, 2011.

13 Brennan A, Fenton S, Murphy B, Kiely M. A Missing Link in the Nutrition Management of Preterm Infants. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. March 21, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1177/0148607116686289 Accessed 7th October 2017.

14 Singhal A, Cole TJ, Fewtrell M, Lucas A. Breast milk feeding and lipoprotein profile in adolescents born preterm follow-up of a prospective randomised study. Lancet 2004; 363: 1571-1578 Transition Phase Nutrition Recommendations

15 GOSH guideline: Nutrition: enteral nutrition for the preterm infant at www.gosh.nhs.uk/health-professionals/clinical-guidelines/nutrition-enteral-nutrition-preterm-infant

Page 35 - CASE STUDY: DIETETIC MANAGEMENT IN ORNITHINE TRANSCARBAMYLASE DEFICIENCY

1 Suggested Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Urea Cycle Disorders, Haeberle et al (2012). Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases

2 A series of pregnancies in women with inherited metabolic disease, Langendonk et al, J Inherit Metab Dis (2012). 35:419-424

3 Multidisciplinary management of ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency in pregnancy: essential to prevent hyperammonemic complications. Lamb S et al. BMJ Case Reports 2013; doi:10.1136/bcr-2012-007416

4 Management of ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency in pregnancy. Mendez-Figueroa H, Lamance K, Sutton VR et al. Am J Perinatol 2010; 27: 775-84

Page 38 – ‘TEATOXING’ - AN OVERVIEW OF AN EVER-GROWING DIET TREND

1 Amato A et al. Half doses of PEG-ES and senna vs high-dose senna for bowel cleansing before colonoscopy: a randomised, investigator-blinded trial. Am J Gastroenterol, 2010. 105(3): p 675-81

2 Valverde A et al. Senna vs polyethylene glycol for mechanical preparation the evening before elective colonic or rectal resection: a multicenter controlled trial. French Association for Surgical Research. Arch Surg, 1999. 134(5): p 514-9

https://beta.nhs.uk/medicines/senna

https://bnf.nice.org.uk/drug/senna.html#indicationsAndDoses

5 Roerig JL et al. Laxative abuse: epidemiology, diagnosis and management. Drugs, 2010. 70(12): p 1487-503

6 Tozzi F et al. Features associated with laxative abuse in individuals with eating disorders. Psychosom Med, 2006. 68(3): p470-7

7 Bryant-Waugh R, Turner H, East P, Gamble C, Mehta R (2006). Misuse of Laxatives among Adult Outpatients with Eating Disorders: Prevalence and Profiles, International Journal of Eating Disorders, Volume 39, (Issue 5), p 404-409

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26077805 - 45-year-old woman having too much liquorice tea

www.b-eat.co.uk/about-beat/media-centre/press-releases/1777-laxative-abuse-beats-call-to-action

10 www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3141776/Shock-pregnancies-women-pre-wedding-teatox-dieting-craze-stops-Pill-working-s-no-warning-packaging.html

11 www.change.org/p/bootea-remove-dangerous-laxative-from-your-detox-tea-teatox/u/17844593

12 www.drlaurettaihonor.com/teatox-detox-tea-petition-success/

Page 43 - SPORTS NUTRITION: CASE STUDY

1 Cobb R (2016). The role of protein in the diet, Dietetics Today, June 2016, Vol 8,No 2, pg 33-34

www.mintel.com/press-centre/social-and-lifestyle/sports-nutrition-bulks-up-uk-market-sales-rise-by-27-in-two-years-as-one-in-four-brits-use-the-products (accessed July 15th 2017)

3 Benardot D (2012). Advanced Sports Nutrition, 2nd edition, United States of America, Sheridan Press

www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/health-40263925/warning-over-protein-supplements-use (accessed June 15th 2017)

https://basc.org.uk/ (assessed July 15th 2017)

6 Thomas B and the British Dietetic association (2001). Manual of Dietetic Practice, 3rd edition, Oxford, Blackwell Sciences publishing

www.nutrimen.co.uk (accessed June 15th 2017)

8 Todorovic V and Micklewright A. The PEN Group, British Dietetic Association BDA (2004). A pocket guide to clinical nutrition, 3th Edition, Birmingham, published by the BDA

www.bda.uk.com/foodfacts/home/sportsfoodfacts PDF by Linia Patel RD (accessed July 15th 2017)

10 www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Goodfood/Pages/Fat.aspx (accessed July 5th 2017)

11 www.gov.uk/government/uploads/SACN_Carbohydrates_and_Health.pdf (accessed July 5th 2017)

12 European Food Safety Authority (2010). Scientific opinion on dietary reference values for water, European Food Safety Authority Journal, 8: pg 1459

13 Department of Health (1991). Dietary Reference values for Food energy and nutrients for the United Kingdom, 41, The Stationery office, Norwich, UK

14 Patel L (2013). Eat drink and recover - The basics of sports nutrition recovery. Dietetics Today, May 2013: Vol 39, No 5, pg 30-32

15 www.bda.uk.com/foodfacts/fluid.pdf (assessed June 15th 2017)

Page 52 - UPDATE ON HEALTH CLAIMS

1. EU, 2006. Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 on nutrition and health claims made on foods. Official Journal of the European Union 30.12.2006, L 404

2. Sadler M. European Health Claims: Regulatory Developments. In Foods, Nutrients and Food Ingredients with Authorised EU Health Claims, Volume 3. Ed. MJ Sadler. Woodhead Publishing, 2017, Chapter 1

3. EFSA 2008. Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA). The setting of nutrient profiles for foods bearing nutrition and health claims pursuant to Article 4 of the Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. EFSA Journal 2008; 644:1-44

4. EU, 2013. Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 June 2013 on food intended for infants and young children, food for special medical purposes, and total diet replacement for weight control and repealing Council Directive 92/52/EEC, Commission Directives 96/8/EC, 1999/21/EC, 2006/125/EC and 2006/141/EC, Directive 2009/39/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Regulations (EC) No 41/2009 and (EC) No 953/2009. Official Journal of the European Union 26.6.2013, L181/35

5. EU, 2016. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/127 of 25 September 2015 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the specific compositional and information requirements for infant formula and follow-on formula and as regards requirements on information relating to infant and young child feeding. Official Journal of the European Union 2.2.2016, L25/1

6. EU, 2006. Regulation (EC) No 1925/2006 on the addition of vitamins and minerals and of certain other substances to foods. Official Journal of the European Union, 20 December 2006