NH-eNews Bulletin 24/02/2021
Salt reduction will prevent nearly 200,000 cases of heart disease and save £1.64bn
England's salt reduction program will have led to nearly 200,000 fewer adults developing heart disease and £1.64 billion of healthcare cost savings by 2050, according to new research.
Vegan diet better for weight loss and cholesterol control than mediterranean diet
A vegan diet is more effective for weight loss than a Mediterranean diet, according to a groundbreaking new study that compared the diets head to head.
Climate policies promoting plant-based diets could save millions of lives
More than 6 million diet-related deaths a year could be prevented by 2040 if nine countries representing 50% of the world’s population and 70% of the world’s emissions adopted climate policies that promoted plant-based diets, according to a study in The Lancet Planetary Health.
Diets high in fructose could cause immune system damage
New research by Swansea scientists in collaboration with scientists at the University of Bristol and the Francis Crick institute in London has indicated that consuming a diet high in the sugar fructose might prevent the proper functioning of peoples' immune systems in ways that has, until now, largely been unknown.
Probiotics for weight loss: What is the evidence?
Probiotics are amongst the most popular nutrition supplements on the market. They have links to an array of health benefits, including improved gut health and enhanced immune function. Some research also suggests that probiotics may affect weight loss. However, there are safety concerns related to the widespread use of probiotic supplements as well. This Special Feature discusses recent scientific findings related to probiotics and body weight.
Eating more refined grains increases risk of heart attack, early death
A new study found consuming a high number of refined grains, such as croissants and white bread, is associated with a higher risk of major cardiovascular disease, stroke and early death.
NH-eNews Bulletin 17/02/2021
Cholesterol from egg consumption associated with early death
Cholesterol from egg consumption may increase the risk of death from heart disease, according to a study published in PLoS Medicine.
Vegan diets improve liver function
Vegan diets improve liver function in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), according to research published in the Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases.
Adding mushrooms to your diet boosts nutrition
Adding a daily half-cup serving of mushrooms to your diet boosts intake of several micronutrients without added sodium or fat, according to research published online in Food Science & Nutrition.
How weight gain over time may predict mortality
A new study suggests that people who have a weight within the healthy range in early adulthood and then gradually develop overweight — but not obesity — tend to live longer than other people.
Being male, having overweight and depression can influence aging
A study finds that biological aging is linked to both mental and physical health. Factors consistently related to advanced biological aging include: being male, smoking, being overweight, and having depression.
NH-eNews Bulletin 10/02/2021
Including more wine and cheese may help reduce cognitive decline
The foods we eat may have a direct impact on our cognitive acuity in our later years, according to new research. The findings show cheese protected against age-related cognitive problems and red wine was related to improvements in cognitive function.
Brain changed by caffeine in utero
New research finds caffeine consumed during pregnancy can change important brain pathways that could lead to behavioral problems later in life. Researchers analyzed thousands of brain scans of nine and ten-year-olds, and revealed changes in the brain structure in children who were exposed to caffeine in utero.
Preventing obesity earlier in life may reduce Alzheimer's damage
A recent study found trends of changes in brain structure that were related to obesity. These trends emphasize the importance of preventing this metabolic condition early in life. They also provide insight into what the brain looks like during different stages of dementia.
Can increasing vitamin C intake help stop bleeding gums?
A new study indicates that low levels of vitamin C in the bloodstream may be an underlying cause of bleeding gums. Researchers say brushing and flossing might not be enough to reverse this oral health issue.
Associations of cereal grains intake with cardiovascular disease and mortality
Diet may influence the development and progression of chronic diseases. Globally, over the past few decades, the consumption of refined grains and added sugars has increased. Positive associations between higher consumption of refined carbohydrates with high glycaemic load and risk factors for cardiovascular disease have been reported.
Healthy lifestyle improves colorectal cancer prevention
A healthy lifestyle that limits consumption of red and processed meat and includes fiber and whole grains helps prevent colorectal cancer and mortality when combined with cancer screening, according to a study published in PLoS Medicine.
NH-eNews Bulletin 03/02/2021
How do binge eating and drinking impact the liver?
A recent study that simulated a tailgate party found that eating foods high in carbohydrates while consuming relatively lower amounts of alcohol was associated with increased liver fat.
Chia seeds bolstered to slow signs of ageing
An improved extraction method involving chia seeds may provide new options for nutritional foods, medicine capsules and anti-aging products.
Omega-3 fatty acids may cut asthma risk
New research suggests that a higher dietary intake of long chain omega-3 fatty acids in childhood may reduce the risk of developing subsequent asthma, but only in children carrying a common gene variant.
Increasing fatty acid levels may restore immune response in MS
A new study examined diet and immune response, comparing healthy individuals with those living with multiple sclerosis (MS). The researchers found that the people with MS had low levels of oleic acid, which may have led to autoimmunity and inflammation.
Putting bugs on the menu, safely
The thought of eating insects is stomach turning for many, but new research is shedding light on allergy causing proteins which could pose serious health risks for those suffering from shellfish allergy. The research identified 20 proteins found in cricket food products which could cause serious allergic reactions.
NH-eNews Bulletin 27/01/2021
Vegan diet significantly remodels metabolism in young children
Researchers report a comprehensive pilot study on the metabolic effects of full vegan diet on young children. The study found vegan children to have remarkably altered metabolism and lower vitamin A and D status compared to children with no special diet.
Study compares low-fat plant-based diet to low-carb animal-based diet
People on a low-fat plant-based diet ate fewer daily calories but had higher insulin and blood glucose levels, compared with when they ate a low-carbohydrate animal-based diet, according to a small but highly controlled study. The study compared the effects of the two diets on calorie intake, hormone levels, body weight, and more.
Intimate links between diet, gut microbes, and health identified
An international team of scientists found associations between particular bacterial species and metabolic risk factors for conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, and obesity. They were surprised to discover that the gut microbiota — the community of microorganisms living in our intestines — was more strongly associated with a person’s risk of certain illnesses than their genetics. The research suggests that it could be possible to create an individualized diet that adjusts the community of organisms living in a person’s gut to optimize the person’s health.
Heart disease risk associated with eating fried foods
A recent meta-analysis has found that eating fried foods is linked with a heightened risk of major cardiovascular events, including heart attacks and strokes. The analysis looked at the results of 19 studies, 17 of which concerned major cardiovascular events, and 6 of which investigated all forms of mortality.
Dr Ruth Hussey is appointed interim Chair of the Food Standards Agency Board
Dr Ruth Hussey CB, OBE, DL has been appointed as interim Chair of the Food Standards Agency from 1 February 2021 for up to 3 months, to allow time for the Chair recruitment to conclude.
NH-eNews Bulletin 20/01/2021
Adherence to Healthful Plant-Based Diets Associated With Lower Risk for Type 2 Diabetes
Researchers tracked adherence to and healthfulness of a plant-based diet in participants from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study and monitored diabetes rates.
One small alcoholic drink a day is linked to an increased risk of atrial fibrillation
A study of nearly 108,000 people has found that people who regularly drink a modest amount of alcohol are at increased risk of atrial fibrillation, a condition where the heart beats in an abnormal rhythm.
Scholars link diet, dentition, and linguistics
Anthropologists used a novel data analysis of thousands of languages, in addition to studying a unique subset of celebrities, to reveal how a soft food diet -- contrasted with the diet of hunter-gatherers -- is restructuring dentition and changing how people speak.
Will vitamin D really help me fight off Covid-19?
There has been some controversy over whether vitamin D can help in the treatment or prevention of coronavirus.
Medical myths: All about sugar
In this episode of Medical Myths, they discuss some of the many misunderstandings surrounding one of the sweetest nutritional topics: sugar.
NH-eNews Bulletin 13/01/2021
Could ginger ease lupus symptoms?
A recent study in rodents suggests that ginger might help treat people with lupus and those vulnerable to forming dangerous blood clots.
Nutrition and mental health: Is there a link?
Diet influences numerous aspects of health, including weight, athletic performance, and risk of chronic diseases. According to some research, it may affect mental health, too.
Including unhealthy foods may diminish positive effects of an otherwise healthy diet
Eating a healthy diet, such as the Mediterranean diet, has a positive impact on health, but little is known about the effects of including unhealthy foods in an otherwise healthy diet.
Meet the bacteria that might help treat diabetes
The authors of a recent study believe that the medical application of specific gut bacteria might, in the future, help treat Type 2 diabetes.
Increased Fibre Associated With Less Depression in Premenopausal Women
An increased daily intake of fibre is inversely associated with depression among premenopausal women, according to a study published online in Menopause.