March 2017: Issue 122

Page 11 - ELDERLY CARE HOMES: HYDRATION AND MALNUTRITION

References

1 Mentes J (2006). Oral hydration in older adults: Greater awareness is needed in preventing, recognising, and treating dehydration. Am J Nursing 106(6): 40-49

2 Ahmed T and Haboubi N (2010). Assessment and management of nutrition in older people and its importance to health. Clinical Interventions in Aging 5:207

3 Stratton RJ, Hackston A, Longmore D et al (2004). Malnutrition in hospital outpatients and inpatients; prevalence, concurrent validity and ease of use of the ‘Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) for adults. British Journal of Nutrition

4 Hiesmayr M, Schindler K, Pernicka E et al (2009). Decreased food intake is a risk factor for mortality in hospitalised patients: The Nutrition Day Survey 2006. Clinical Nutrition 28: 484-491

5 Malnutrition Task Force (2013). Malnutrition in Later Life: Prevention and Early Intervention. www.malnutritiontaskforce.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/CH-Prevention_Early_Intervention_Of_Malnutrition_in_Later_Life_Care_Home.pdf

6 Russell CA and Elia M. Nutrition screening surveys in care homes in the UK: A report based on the amalgamated data from the four Nutrition Screening Week surveys undertaken by BAPEN in 2007, 2008, 2010 and 2011

7 Elia M, BAPEN/NIHR. The cost of malnutrition in England and potential cost savings from nutritional interventions, 2015

8 Care Quality Commission. Time to listen: In care homes. Dignity and nutrition inspection programme 2012 www.cqc.org.uk/sites/default/files/documents/time_to_listen_-_care_homes_summary_tag.pdf

9 Wolff A, Stuckler D and McKee M et al (2015). Are patients admitted from care homes dehydrated? A retrospective analysis of hypernatraemia and in-hospital mortality J R Soc Med 108(7) 259-65

10 Meijers JMM, Halfens RJG, Wilson L et al (2012). Estimating the costs associated with malnutrition in Dutch nursing homes. Clinical Nutrition 31(1): 65-68

11 Elia M, BAPEN/NIHR. The cost of malnutrition in England and potential cost savings from nutritional interventions, 2015

12 NICE. Cost Savings Guidance 2015

13 Managing Adult Malnutrition in the Community: Including a pathway for the appropriate use of oral nutritional supplements (ONS). Produced by a multi-professional consensus panel (2012). http://malnutritionpathway.co.uk/downloads/Managing_Malnutrition.pdf

14 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) (2012). Nutrition Support in adults. www.nice.org.uk/guidance/qs24

15 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) (2006). Nutritional support for adults: oral nutrition support, enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition. www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg32

16 NHS England. Guidance - Commissioning Excellent Nutrition and Hydration 2015-2018. www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/nut-hyd-guid.pdf

17 Managing Adult Malnutrition in the Community: Including a pathway for the appropriate use of oral nutritional supplements (ONS). Produced by a multi-professional consensus panel (2012). http://malnutritionpathway.co.uk/downloads/Managing_Malnutrition.pdf

18 Elia M, Stratton R, Russell C et al (2005). The cost of disease related malnutrition in the UK and economic considerations for the use of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) in adults. A report by BAPEN. www.bapen.org.uk/pdfs/health_econ_exec_sum.pdf

19 Stratton RJ and Elia M (2007). A review of reviews: A new look at the evidence for oral nutritional supplements in clinical practice. Clinical Nutritional Supplements 2:5-23

20 Cawood AL, Elia M, Stratton RJ (2012). Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of high protein oral nutritional supplements. Ageing Research Reviews 11(2): 278-296

21 Elia M et al. A systematic review of the cost and cost effectiveness of using standard oral nutritional supplements in community and care home settings Clin Nutr 2016 35 (1); 125-37

22 Stratton RJ, Green C and Elia M (2003). Disease-related malnutrition; an evidence-based approach to treatment. Oxford: CABI

Page 19 - PAEDIATRIC COELIAC DISEASE AND THE GLUTEN-FREE DIET

References

www.coeliac.org.uk/coeliac-disease/about-coeliac-disease-and-dermatitis-herpetiformis/ (accessed 17/1/17)

www.bupa.com.au/health-and-wellness/health-information/az-health-information/coeliac-disease

3 Fabiana Zingone, Joe West, Colin J Crooks, Kate M Fleming, Timothy R Card, Carolina Ciacci, Laila J Tata. Socioeconomic variation in the incidence of childhood coeliac disease in the UK. Arch Dis Child doi:10.1136/archdischild-2014-307105

4 US National Library of Medicine. Genetics Home Reference. Your guide to understanding genetic conditions. https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/celiac-disease (accessed 20/1/17)

www.coeliac.org.uk/healthcare-professionals/diagnosis/ (accessed 17/1/17)

6 NICE guideline Coeliac disease: recognition, assessment and management. Published: 2 September 2015. www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng20

7 Murch S, Jenkins H, Auth M et al. Joint BSPGHAN and Coeliac UK guidelines for the diagnosis and management of coeliac disease in children. Arch Dis Child 2013; 98:806-811

www.coeliac.org.uk/coeliac-disease/associated-conditions-and-complications/

www.coeliac.org.uk/document-library/128-prescribable-products-list/?return=/gluten-free-diet-and-lifestyle/prescriptions/ (accessed 19/1/17)

10 www.coeliac.org.uk/gluten-free-diet-and-lifestyle/prescriptions/prescription-policies/ (accessed 19/1/17)

11 Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust. Nutritional Requirements for Children in Health and Disease. Sixth Edition, 2015

12 Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition. Vitamin D and health (2016).

13 www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/537616/SACN_Vitamin_D_and_Health_report.pdf accessed 20/1/17

Page 23 - MALABSORPTION: AN OVERVIEW

Useful reading

Waljee AK (2009). Systematic Review: Pancreatic enzyme treatment of chronic pancreatitis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. Feb 1; 29(3): 235-246. Published online 8 Nov 2008. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2008.03885.x www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3462488/

Gianluca I et al (2016)Digestive Enzyme Supplementation in Gastrointestinal Diseases. Curr Drug Metab. 2016 Feb; 17(2): 187-193. Published online Feb 2016. doi: 10.2174/138920021702160114150137 PMCID: PMC4923703

NICE (2013). Clinical Knowledge Summaries: Pancreatitis - chronic. Scenario: Management of confirmed chronic pancreatitis (age from 18 years onwards): Management in primary care. Last revised in June 2013. https://cks.nice.org.uk/pancreatitis-chronic#!scenario:1

NICE (2015). Clinical Knowledge Summaries: Crohn’s disease - established Crohn’s disease. Last revised in April 2015. https://cks.nice.org.uk/crohns-disease#!scenario

Owens SR, Greenson JK. The pathology of malabsorption: current concepts. Histopathology. 2007 Jan. 50(1): 64-82

British Society of Gastroenterology. Tests for malabsorption. Available at: www.bsg.org.uk/pdf_word_docs/malabsorbtion.pdf (accessed 14/02/17)

Ruiz Jr AR. Overview of Malabsorption. Available at: www.merckmanuals.com/professional/gastrointestinal-disorders/malabsorption-syndromes/overview-of-malabsorption (accessed 14/02/17)

Jellema P et al (2010). Lactose malabsorption and intolerance: a systematic review on the diagnostic value of gastrointestinal symptoms and self-reported milk intolerance.

QJM. Aug; 103(8): 555-72. doi: 10.1093/qjmed/hcq082. Epub 3 Jun 2010. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20522486

Crothers K. The management of Pancreatic Enzyme Replacement Therapy in Pancreatic Cancer. CN Focus. 2015 June. 7 (2): 14-16

World Gastroenterology Organisation. Prebiotics and probiotics 2011. Available at www.worldgastroenterology.org/UserFiles/file/guidelines/probiotics-english-2011.pdf (accessed 15/09/15)

Smart KM, Alex G, Hardikar W. Feeding the child with liver disease. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2011; 26(5): 810-815

Page 30 - LEGISLATION ON PRODUCTS USED IN THE MANAGEMENT OF INHERITED METABOLIC DISORDERS (IMD)

References

1 Regulations commission delegated regulation (EU) 2016/127 of 25 September 2015 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the specific compositional and information requirements for infant formula and follow-on formula and as regards requirements on information relating to infant and young child feeding OJC L25/1, 2.2.2016

2 Commission delegated regulation (EU) 2016/128 of 25 September 2015 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the specific compositional and information requirements for food for special medical purposes. OJC L25/30, 2.2.2016

3 Commission directive 2006/141/EC of 22 December 2006 on infant formulae and follow-on formulae and amending Directive 1999/21/EC. OJC L401/1, 30.12.2006

4 Commission directive 1999/21/EC of 25 March 1999 on dietary foods for special medical purposes. OJC L91, 7.4.1999

5 van Spronsen FJ, van Wegberg AMJ, Ahring K et al. Key European guidelines for the diagnosis and management of patients with phenylketonuria. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2017; http://www.thelancet.com/journals/landia/article/PIIS2213-8587(16)30320-5/abstract  Published Online 9 January 2017

6 MacDonald A, Rylance GW, Asplin D et al. Feeding problems in young PKU children. Acta Pediatr Suppl 1994; 407:73-4

7 Lammardo AM, Robert M, Rocha JC et al. Main issues in micronutrient supplementation in phenylketonuria. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism 2013; 110 (suppl): S1-S5

Page 33 - FALTERING GROWTH: CASE STUDY

References

1 Wright C (2000). Identification and management of failure to thrive: a community perspective. Arch Dis Child, Volume 82, pp 5-9

2 Hobbs C, Hanks H and Wynne J (1993). Child abuse and neglect: A Clinician's Handbook. Edinburgh: Livingstone

3 Shields B, Wacogne I and Wright C (2012). Weight faltering and failure to thrive in infancy and early childhood. BMJ, 345 (e5931)

4 Maret W and Sandstead HH (2006). Zinc requirements and the risks and benefits of zinc supplementation. J Trace Elem Med Biol, 20(1), pp 3-18

5 Firkin F and Rush B (1997). Interpretation of biochemical tests for iron deficiency: diagnostic difficulties related to limitations of individual tests. Aust Presc, Volume 20, pp 74-76

6 Ward S nd. Interpretation of iron studies [online]. Available at: www.perthhaematology.com.au/IronStudies.pdf [accessed 26 June 2014]

7 Kumar P and Clark M (2005). Clinical Medicine. 6 ed. London: Elsevier Saunders

8 Thomas B and Bishop J (2007). Manual of Dietetic Practice. 4th ed. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd

9 Department of Health - Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy (1991). Dietary Reference Values for Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom: Report of the Panel on Dietary Reference Values of the Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy. 16th ed. Norwich: The Stationary Office

10 Kasese-Hara M, Charlotte Wright C and Drewett R (2002). Energy compensation in young children who fail to thrive. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43(4), pp 449-456

11 UK Department of Health (2009). Using the new UK-World Health Organisation 0-4 years growth charts: information for healthcare professionals about the use and interpretation of growth charts, sl: Department of Health

12 Great Oromond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust. Nutritional Requirements for Children in Health and Disease. 6th ed, 2015

13 Poustie VJ et al (2006). Oral protein energy supplements for children with cystic fibrosis: CALICO multicentre randomised controlled trial. BMJ, 332 (7542), pp 632-636

14 Rehman AM et al (2009). Chronic growth faltering amongst a birth cohort of Indian children begins prior to weaning and is highly prevalent at three years of age. Nutrition Journal, 8 (44)

15 Johnson W et al (2012). Eighty-year trends in infant weight and length growth: the Fels Longitudinal Study. J Pediatr, 160 (5), p 762-768

16 Edwards AGK, Halse P, Parkin J and Waterson AJR (1990). Recognising failure to thrive in early childhood. Archives of disease in childhood, Volume 65, pp 1263-5

17 Henderson L et al (2003). National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 years. Volume 3: Vitamin and mineral intake and urinary analytes. London: The Stationary Office

18 Ong KKL et al (2000). Association between postnatal catch-up growth and obesity in childhood: prospective cohort study. BMJ, Volume 320, pp 967-971

Page 44 - EFFECTIVE MULTIDISCIPLINARY TEAM WORK

References

1 NHS England, Jan 2015, MDT Handbook: www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/mdt-dev-guid-flat-fin.pdf

2 NHS England, 2014, 5 Year Forward View: www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/5yfv-web.pdf

3 Bradford, Airedale and Craven; Integrated care for adult’s programme: Effective MDT development tool www.airedalewharfedalecravenccg.nhs.uk/what-is-integrated-care