References March Issue 152

THE HISTORY OF SALT REDUCTION IN THE UK - pg 9

1 COMA. Report on Dietary Reference values for food, energy and nutrients for the United Kingdom (1991)
2 COMA. Nutritional Aspects of Cardiovascular Disease (1994). www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/00070709510100145/full/html
3 NDNS: assessment of dietary sodium in adults in England (2014). www.gov.uk/government/statistics/national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-assessment-of-dietary-sodium-in-adults-in-england-2014
4 FSA. New salt reduction targets published as part of FSA campaign to reduce salt in our diets (2006). https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20080911163020/http://www.food.gov.uk/news/pressreleases/2006/mar/targets
5 Public Health Responsibility Deal. https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20180201175643/  https://responsibilitydeal.dh.gov.uk/
6 Public Health Responsibility Deal, Salt Reduction (2017). https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20180201180831/https://responsibilitydeal.dh.gov.uk/pledges/pledge/?pl=49
7 Public Health Responsibility Deal, Out of Home maximum per serving salt targets. https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20180201180257/ https://responsibilitydeal.dh.gov.uk/pledges/pledge/?pl=50
8 NICE Guidance on the prevention of cardiovascular disease at the population level (2010). www.nice.org.uk/guidance/PH25

MALNUTRITION: THE BIG PICTURE - pg 11-13

1 World Health Organisation (WHO). Malnutrition
2 FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP and WHO (2019). The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019. Safeguarding against economic slowdowns and downturns. Rome, FAO
3 United Nations estimates elaborated by Worldometers. www.worldometers.info/world-population/
4 GLOBAL REPORT ON FOOD CRISES 2019
5 World Health Organisation (WHO). Obesity and overweight. Fact sheet (2017)
6 The Global Syndemic of Obesity, Undernutrition and Climate Change: The Lancet Commission report. Published online January 27, 2019
7 The state of food security and nutrition in the world. FAO, Rome 2019
8 Development Initiatives. Global Nutrition Report 2017: Nourishing the SDGs. Bristol, UK: Development Initiatives, 2017
9 Increasing food security, CIDA’s Food security strategy. Canadian International Development Agency, 2008
10 Gillman MW, Barker D, Bier D et al. Meeting report on the 3rd International Congress on Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD). Pediatr Res 2007; 61: 625-29
11 Sushil Z, Vandevijvere S, Exeter DJ, Swinburn B. Food swamps by area socioeconomic deprivation in New Zealand: a national study. Int J Public Health 2017; 62: 869-77
12 Mottet A, de Haan C, Falcucci A, Tempio G, Opio C, Gerber P. Livestock: On our plates or eating at our table? A new analysis of the feed/food debate. Glob Food Secur 2017; 14 (suppl C): 1-8
13 Taub DR, Miller B, Allen H. Effects of elevated CO2 on the protein concentration of food crops: a meta­analysis. Glob Change Biol 2008; 14: 565-75
14 Springmann M, Mason­D’Croz D, Robinson S et al. Global and regional health effects of future food production under climate change: a modelling study. Lancet 2016; 387: 1937-46
15 Frank S, Havlik P, Soussana JF et al. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions in agriculture without compromising food security? Environ Res Lett 2017; 12: 105004
16 An R, Ji M, Zhang S. Global warming and obesity: a systematic review. Obes Rev 2018; 19: 150-63
17 America’s Pledge (2018). US Climate Leadership: one year later. https://oneyearlater.americaspledgeonclimate.com/ (accessed Dec 11, 2018)

 

HYDRATION: QUENCHING OUR THIRST - pg 14 - 15 

1 Nutrition and Hydration Week at https://nutritionandhydrationweek.co.uk/
2 United Nations (2010). Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 28 July 2010. Accessed on 3/12/19 at www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/64/292
3 Masento et al (2014). Effects of hydration status on cognitive performance and mood The British journal of nutrition 111(10): 1-12 Accessed on 3/12/19 at www.researchgate.net/publication/259988117_Effects_of_hydration_status_on_cognitive_performance_and_mood
4 Armstrong LE et al (2012). Mild Dehydration Affects Mood in Healthy Young Women. The Journal of Nutrition, Volume 142, Issue 2, Feb 2012, p 382-388. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.111.142000
5 Ganio MS et al (2011). Mild dehydration impairs cognitive performance and mood of men. British Journal of Nutrition. Volume 106, Issue 10, 28 November 2011, p 1535-1543. Accessed on 3/12/19 at www.cambridge.org/core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition/article/mild-dehydration-impairs-cognitive-performance-and-mood-of-men/3388AB36B8DF73E844C9AD19271A75BF
6 Borghi L et al (1996). Urinary volume, water and recurrences in idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis: a five-year randomised prospective study J Urol. 1996 Mar; 155(3): 839-43. Accessed 3/12/19 at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8583588
7 Dennis et al (2010). Water consumption increases weight loss during a hypocaloric diet intervention in middle-aged and older adults. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2010 Feb; 18(2): 300-7. doi: 10.1038/oby.2009.235. Epub 2009 Aug. Accessed 3/12/19 at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19661958
8 Boschmann M (2003). Water-induced thermogenesis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Dec; 88(12): 6015-9. Accessed on 3/12/19 at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14671205
9 Maffeis C et al (2016). Fluid intake and hydration status in obese vs normal weight children. Eur J Clin Nutr 70, 560-565, doi:10.1038/ejcn.2015.170. Accessed on 3/12/19 at www.nature.com/articles/ejcn2015170#citeas
10 NHS (2019). The Eatwell Guide www.nhs.uk/live-well/eat-well/the-eatwell-guide/
11 EFSA (2010). Dietary Reference Values for Water. Accessed on 3/12/19 at https://efsa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1459
12 BDA (2017). Fluid Facts. Accessed on 3/12/19 at www.bda.uk.com/foodfacts/fluid.pdf
13 NHS (2019). Dehydration www.nhs.uk/conditions/dehydration/
14 WHO (2014). IMCI Distance Learning Course: Module 4. Diarrhoea. Accessed on 3/12/19 at https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/104772/9789241506823_Module-4_eng.pdf;jsessionid=49A828814FE26F24502F66EBD53241CF?sequence=6
15 Urine colour chart – source www.nhsinform.scot/campaigns/hydration
16 Gandy, Joan. (2012). First Findings of the United Kingdom Fluid Intake Study. Nutrition Today. 47. S14-S16. 10.1097/NT.0b013e31826265e3
17 Gibson S et al (2012). Hydration, water intake and beverage consumption habits among adults. Nutrition Bulletin. 37 (3), 182-192

100% FRUIT JUICE – JUST ANOTHER SUGARY DINK? - pg 16 - 18

1 National Diet and Nutrition Survey Years 1 to 9 of the Rolling Programme (2008/2009-2016/2017): Time trend and income analyses. www.gov.uk/government/statistics/ndns-time-trend-and-income-analyses-for-years-1-to-9. Jan 2019
2 Ruxton C (2018). What do Europe’s health professionals think about fruit juice? CN Focus 10: 36-38
3 Gibson S and Ruxton C (2016). Fruit juice consumption is associated with intakes of whole fruit and vegetables, as well as non-milk extrinsic sugars: a secondary analysis of the National Diet and Nutrition Survey. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 75(OCE3), E259. doi:10.1017/S0029665116002743
4 Aschoff JK et al (2015). Bioavailability of β-cryptoxanthin is greater from pasteurised orange juice than from fresh oranges – a randomised crossover study. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2015 Oct; 59(10): 1896-904. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201500327. Epub 2015 Jul 20
5 Aschoff JK et al (2016). Urinary excretion of Citrus flavanones and their major catabolites after consumption of fresh oranges and pasteurised orange juice: A randomised crossover study. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2016 Dec; 60(12): 2602-2610. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201600315
6 Silveira JQ et al (2014). Pharmacokinetics of flavanone glycosides after ingestion of single doses of fresh-squeezed orange juice versus commercially processed orange juice in healthy humans. J Agric Food Chem 62: 12576-84
7 Li C and Schluesener H (2017). Health-promoting effects of the citrus flavanone hesperidin. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 57: 613-631
8 Ros-Chumillas M et al (2007). Quality and shelf life of orange juice aseptically packaged in PET bottles. J Food Eng 79: 234-242. 17
9 Klimczak I et al (2007). Effect of storage on the content of polyphenols, vitamin C and the antioxidant activity of orange juices. J Food Compos Anal 20: 313-322
10 Büsing F et al (2019). High intake of orange juice and cola differently affects metabolic risk in healthy subjects. Clin Nutr. 38(2): 812-819
11 Atkinson et al (2008). International Tables of Glycaemic Index and Glycaemic Load Values. Diab Care. 31: 2281-2283
12 Kerimi A et al (2019). Effect of the flavonoid hesperidin on glucose and fructose transport, sucrase activity and glycaemic response to orange juice in a crossover trial on healthy volunteers. Br J Nutr. 121: 782-792
13 Murphy MM et al (2017). 100% Fruit juice and measures of glucose control and insulin sensitivity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Journal of Nutritional Science 6 (e59): 1-15
14 Xi et al (2014). Intake of fruit juice and incidence of Type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta- analysis. PLoS ONE. 9(3): e93471
15 Rangel-Huerta OD et al (2015). Normal or High Polyphenol Concentration in Orange Juice Affects Antioxidant Activity, Blood Pressure, and Body Weight in Obese or Overweight Adults. J Nutr 145: 1808-16
16 Rocha DMUP et al (2017). Orange juice modulates proinflammatory cytokines after high-fat saturated meal consumption. Food Funct 8: 4396-4403
17 Scheffers FR et al (2019). Pure fruit juice and fruit consumption and the risk of CVD: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition – Netherlands (EPIC-NL) study. British Journal of Nutrition. 121(3): 351-359
18 Unno T et al (2015). Hesperetin Modifies the Composition of Faecal Microbiota and Increases Cecal Levels of Short-Chain Fatty Acids in Rats. J Agric Food Chem. 63: 7952-7
19 GBD (2017) Diet Collaborators. Health effects of dietary risks in 195 countries, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet. 2019 May 11; 393 (10184): 1958-1972. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30041-8

EATING DISORDERS IN PAEDIATRICS - pg 20 - 23

1 BEAT (2018). Statistics for journalists [Online] available from: www.beateatingdisorders.org.uk/media-centre/eating-disorder-statistics ; accessed 12th December 2019
2 Petkova H, Simic M, Nicholls D, Ford T, Matthew Prina A, Stuart R, Livingstone N, Kelly G, Macdonald G, Eisler I, Gowers I, Barrett B, Byford S (2019). Incidence of anorexia nervosa in young people in the UK and Ireland: a national surveillance study. British Medical Journal Open [online] available from https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/bmjopen/9/10/e027339.full.pdf accessed 5th January 2020
3 NHS Digital (2018). Finished Admission Episodes (FAEs) with a primary or secondary diagnosis of eating disorder [online] available from: https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/find-data-and-publications/supplementary-information/2018-supplementary-information-files/finishedadmission-episodes-faes-with-a-primary-or-secondary-diagnosis-of-eating-disorder accessed 15th November 2019
4 Hoang U, Goldacre M, James A. Mortality following hospital discharge with a diagnosis of eating disorder: National record linkage study, England, 2001-2009 (2014), International Journal of Eating Disorders; Volume 47: Issue 5
5 Micali N, Hagberg KW, Peterson I, Treasure JL (2013). The incidence of eating disorders in the UK in 2000-2009: findings from the General Practice Research Database, British Medical Journal Open [online] available from: https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/bmjopen/3/5/e002646.full.pdf accessed 12th December 2019
6 Royal College of Psychiatrists (2019). Position statement on early intervention of eating disorders [online] available from: www.rcpsych.ac.uk/docs/default-source/improving-care/better-mh-policy/position-statements/ps03_19.pdf?sfvrsn=b1283556_2 ;accessed 15th November 2019
7 Street K, Costelloe S, Wootton M, Upton S, Brough J (2016). Structured, supported feeding admissions for restrictive eating disorders on paediatric wards, Archives of Disease in Childhood; Volume 101: Issue 9
8 Royal College of Psychiatrists (2012). Junior MARSIPAN: Management of Really Sick Patients under 18 with Anorexia Nervosa www.rcpsych.ac.uk/docs/default-source/improving-care/better-mh-policy/college-reports/college-report-cr168.pdf?sfvrsn=e38d0c3b_2
9 Eisler I, Simic M, Blessitt E, Dodge L (2016). Maudsley Service Manual for Child and Adolescent Eating Disorders [online]. Available from: www.national.slam.nhs.uk ; accessed 2nd January 2020
10 NHS England (2014). CAMHS Tier 4 Report [online] www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/camhs-tier-4-rep.pdf; accessed 2nd January 2020

MEDICAL MANAGEMENT OF TYPE 2 DIABETES  - pg 24 - 27

1 World Health Organisation (2020). Diabetes. [online] Available at: www.who.int/health-topics/diabetes [Accessed 5 Jan. 2020]
2 Diabetes.org.uk (no date). Us, diabetes and a lot of facts and stats. [online] Available at: www.diabetes.org.uk/resources-s3/2019-02/1362B_Facts%20and%20stats%20Update%20Jan%202019_LOW%20RES_EXTERNAL.pdf [Accessed 5 Jan 2020]
3 Diabetes.org.uk (no date). Facts & Figures. [online] Diabetes UK. Available at: www.diabetes.org.uk/Professionals/Position-statements-reports/Statistics [Accessed 5 Jan 2020]
4 Diabetes.org.uk (no date). What is Type 1 diabetes? [online] Diabetes UK. Available at: www.diabetes.org.uk/diabetes-the-basics/what-is-type-1-diabetes [Accessed 5 Jan 2020].
5 Public Health England (2014). Adult obesity and Type 2 diabetes [online]. Public Health England. Available at: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/338934/Adult_obesity_and_type_2_diabetes_.pdf [Accessed 5 Jan. 2020]
6 NIDDK (2018). Insulin Resistance and Prediabetes [online]. Available at: www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/what-is-diabetes/prediabetes-insulin-resistance [Accessed 5 Jan 2020]
7 Public Health England (2014). Adult obesity and Type 2 diabetes [online]. Public Health England. Available at: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/338934/Adult_obesity_and_type_2_diabetes_.pdf [Accessed 5 Jan 2020]
8 Nhlbi.nih.gov (no date). Assessing Your Weight and Health Risk [online]. Available at: www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/educational/lose_wt/risk.htm [Accessed 5 Jan 2020]
9 Algoblan A, Alalfi M and Khan M (2014). Mechanism linking diabetes mellitus and obesity. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, [online] 7, p 587-591. Available at: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4259868/ [Accessed 5 Jan 2020]
10 Riddy D, Delerive P, Summers R, Sexton P and Langmead C (2017). G Protein-Coupled Receptors Targeting Insulin Resistance, Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Pharmacological Reviews, [online] 70(1), p 39-67. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1124/pr.117.014373 [Accessed 5 Jan 2020]
11 Phillips P (2005). Type 2 Diabetes – Failure, Blame and Guilt in the Adoption of Insulin Therapy. The Review of Diabetic Studies, [online] 2(1), p 35-35. Available at: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1762496/ [Accessed 5 Jan 2020]
12 Diabetes.org.uk (no date). Tablets and medication [online]. Available at: www.diabetes.org.uk/guide-to-diabetes/managing-your-diabetes/treating-your-diabetes/tablets-and-medication [Accessed 5 Jan 2020]
13 Primary Care Cardiovascular Journal (2018). Clinical CRAFT Cards: our pocket-sized memory jogger and reference guide for healthcare professionals in their daily practice. unknown: www.pccj.co.uk/clinical-craft-cards.html
14 Diabetes.org.uk (no date). Metformin and diabetes [online]. Available at: www.diabetes.org.uk/guide-to-diabetes/managing-your-diabetes/treating-your-diabetes/tablets-and-medication/metformin [Accessed 5 Jan 2020]
15 Diabetes UK (no date). Thiazolidinediones (glitazones) [online]. Available at: www.diabetes.org.uk/guide-to-diabetes/managing-your-diabetes/treating-your-diabetes/tablets-and-medication/thiazolidinediones-glitazones [Accessed 5 Jan 2020]
16 Diabetes UK (no date). Sulphonylureas [online]. Available at: www.diabetes.org.uk/guide-to-diabetes/managing-your-diabetes/treating-your-diabetes/tablets-and-medication/sulphonylureas [Accessed 5 Jan 2020]
17 Kirby M (2013). Diabetes and older people [online]. Available at: www.gmjournal.co.uk/diabetes-and-older-people [Accessed 5 Jan 2020]
18 Diabetes UK (no date). SGLT2-inhibitors [online]. Available at: www.diabetes.org.uk/Guide-to-diabetes/Managing-your-diabetes/Treating-your-diabetes/Tablets-and-medication/SGLT2-inhibitors [Accessed 5 Jan 2020]
19 NICE guideline NG28 (2018). Type 2 diabetes in adults: management. Evidence reviews for SGLT-2 inhibitors and GLP-1 mimetics [online]. Available at: www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng28/evidence/march-2018-evidence-reviews-for-sglt2-inhibitors-and-glp1-mimetics-pdf-4783687597 [Accessed 11 Dec 2019]
20 Diabetes UK (no date). Dpp-4-inhibitors [online]. Available at: www.diabetes.org.uk/guide-to-diabetes/managing-your-diabetes/treating-your-diabetes/tablets-and-medication/dpp-4-inhibitors-gliptins [Accessed 5 Jan 2020].
21 Diabetes UK (no date). GLP-1 analogues [online]. Available at: www.diabetes.org.uk/guide-to-diabetes/managing-your-diabetes/treating-your-diabetes/tablets-and-medication/incretin-mimetics [Accessed 5 Jan. 2020]
22 NICE guideline NG28 (2018). Type 2 diabetes in adults: management. Evidence reviews for SGLT-2 inhibitors and GLP-1 mimetics [online]. Available at: www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng28/evidence/march-2018-evidence-reviews-for-sglt2-inhibitors-and-glp1-mimetics-pdf-4783687597 [Accessed 11 Dec 2019]
23 Diabetes UK (no date). Insulin and diabetes [online]. Available at: www.diabetes.org.uk/guide-to-diabetes/managing-your-diabetes/treating-your-diabetes/insulin [Accessed 5 Jan 2020]
24 Diabetes.org.uk (no date). Diabetes remission [online]. Available at: www.diabetes.org.uk/guide-to-diabetes/managing-your-diabetes/treating-your-diabetes/type2-diabetes-remission [Accessed 5 Jan 2020]

THE ROAD TO KETO - pg 29 -33

1 Kim J, Yoon J, Lee E, Lee J, Kim J, Kim H and Kang H (2016). Efficacy of the classic ketogenic and the modified Atkins diets in refractory childhood epilepsy. Epilepsia. 57(1): 51-58
2 Paediatric Formulary Committee. BNF for Children (online) London: BMJ Group, Pharmaceutical Press, and RCPCH Publications. Available from: www.medicinescomplete.com. [Accessed on 18th January 2020]
3 Kossoff et al (2018). Optimal clinical management of children receiving dietary therapies for epilepsy: Updated recommendations of the International Ketogenic Diet Study Group. Epilepsia Open. 3(2): 175-192
4 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Epilepsies: diagnosis and management [Internet]. [London]: NICE; 2012 [updated 2019 Apr]. (Clinical guideline [CG137]). Available from: www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg137. [Accessed 18th January 2020]
5 Ketogenic Dietitians Research Network (KDRN). www.matthewsfriends.org/ketogenic-dietitians-research-network/
6 Emma Williams, Clare Szwec, Nia Emlyn Jones (2018). Coping with complex epilepsy whilst striving for a quality of life for the whole family - facilitating a parent’s perspective. Neurodigest, issue 4 winter 2018. https://bit.ly/2Fa6Xvs

ADULT FOOD ALLERGY - pg 34 - 36

1 Food Standards Agency - Food Allergy and Intolerance Programme 2017, (accessed online 10/01/2019) www.food.gov.uk/sites/default/files/media/document/fsa170306.pdf
2 Afify SM, Pali-Schöll I. Adverse reactions to food: the female dominance – A secondary publication and update. World Allergy Organ J 10, 43 (2017)
3 Loh Wenyin and Mimi L K Tang (2018). The Epidemiology of Food Allergy in the Global Context. International journal of environmental research and public health vol 15,9 2043
4 D’Amato G, Vitale C, De Martino A et al (2015). Effects on asthma and respiratory allergy of Climate change and air pollution. Multidiscip Respir Med 10, 39
5 Yu JE, Mallapaty A, Miller RL (2018). It's not just the food you eat: Environmental factors in the development of food allergies. Environmental Research
6 Yuka Asai et al (2017). Genome-wide association study and meta-analysis in multiple populations identifies new loci for peanut allergy and establishes c11orf30/EMSY as a genetic risk factor for food allergy. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
7 SE Emmett, FJ Angus, JS Fry, PN Lee (1999). Perceived prevalence of peanut allergy in Great Britain and its association with other atopic conditions and with peanut allergy in other household members. Allergy
8 Andrew T Stefka et al (2014). Commensals protect against food allergy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
9 Liu AH (2015). Revisiting the hygiene hypothesis for allergy and asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol
10 Allergic diseases and atopic sensitisation in children related to farming and anthroposophic lifestyle – the PARSIFAL study. Allergy (2006)
11 Eggesbo et al (2003). Is delivery by caesarean section a risk factor for food allergy? J Allergy Clin Immunol
12 Mullins RJ, Camargo Jr CA (2011). Shining a light on vitamin D and its impact on the developing immune system. Clin Exp Allergy 41
13 Kwak ES, Just A, Whyatt R, Miller RL (2009). Phthalates, pesticides, and bisphenol-A exposure and the development of nonoccupational asthma and allergies: how valid are the links? Open Allergy J
14 Gascon M et al (2015). Prenatal exposure to bisphenol-A and phthalates and childhood respiratory tract infections and allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol
15 Mills EN, Sancho AI, Rigby NM, Jenkins JA, Mackie AR (2009). Impact of food processing on the structural and allergenic properties of food allergens. Mol Nutr Food Res
16 Blanco C (2003). Latex-fruit syndrome. Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
17 Moneret-Vautrin DA, Morisette M (2005). Adult food allergy. Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
18 Fritsch R, Ebner C, Kraft D (1997). Allergenic cross-reactivities. Pollen and vegetable foods. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol
19 Amlot PL, Kemeny DM, Zachary C, Parkes P, Lessof MH (1987). Oral allergy syndrome (OAS): symptoms of IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to foods. Clin Allergy
20 Ma S, Sicherer SH, Nowak-Wegrzyn A (2003). A survey on the management of pollen-food allergy syndrome in allergy practices. J Allergy Clin Immunol
21 Egger M, Mutschlechner S, Wopfner N, Gadermaier G, Briza P, Ferreira F (2006). Pollen-food syndromes associated with weed pollinosis: an update from the molecular point of view. Allergy
22 Aresery M, Lehrer SB (2002). Occupational reactions to foods. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep
23 Hanakawa Y, Tohyama M, Shirakata Y, Murakami S, Hashimoto K (1998). Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis: a case related to the amount of food allergen ingested. Br J Dermatol
24 Crespo JF, Rodriguez J (2003). Food allergy in adulthood. Allergy
25 NHS Food Allergy Diagnosis information page (accessed online 17/01/2020) ,www.nhs.uk/conditions/food-allergy/diagnosis/
26 NICE Guidance. Food Allergy Diagnosis in Adults (accessed online 18/01/2020) www.nice.org.uk/guidance/qs118/chapter/Quality-statement-5-placeholder-Diagnosing-food-allergy-in-adults
27 Joyce E Yua, Anu Mallapatya, Rachel L.Miller (2018). It's not just the food you eat: Environmental factors in the development of food allergies. Environmental Research, Volume 165, Aug 2018, p118-124

PERSON-CENTRED SOCIAL CARE PLACEMENT FOR NUTRITION STUDENTS - pg 37 - 38

1 www.knowledge.scot.nhs.uk/ahppe/national-programme/student-placements-preregistration/ahp-placement-experiences-(1)/care-and-care-at-home.aspx
2 http://hub.careinspectorate.com/improvement/spotlight-on-improvement-for-adults-and-older-people/spotlight-on-food-and-fluid/adults-and-older-people

MINDFULNESS IN NUTRITION AND DIETETICS - pg 39 - 42

1 Walsh R (1980). The consciousness disciplines and the behavioural sciences: Questions of comparison and assessment. American Journal of Psychiatry, 137, 663-673
2 Kabat-Zinn J (2003). Mindfulness-Based Interventions in Context: Past, Present, and Future. Clinical Psychology. 10 (2): 144-156
3 Thera N (1962). The heart of Buddhist meditation. New York: Weiser
4 Chiesa A and Serretti A (2010). A systematic review of neurobiological and clinical features of mindfulness meditations. Psychological Medicine. 40 (8); 1239-1252
5 Pascoe M et al (2017). Mindfulness mediates the physiological markers of stress: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Psychiatric Research 95: 156-178
6 Depression in adults: recognition and management (2009). NICE. Clinical guideline [CG90]
7 Yau YHC and Potenz MN (2013). Stress and Eating Behaviours. Minerva Endocrinology. 38(3) 225-267
8 Rajan TM and Menon V (2017). Psychiatric disorders and obesity. J Postgrad Med. 63 (3): 182-190
9 Kristeller J, Wolever RQ, Sheets V (2014.) Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training (MB-EAT) for Binge Eating: A Randomised Clinical Trial. Mindfulness, 5(3): 282-297
10 Godfrey KM, Gallo LC, Afari N (2015). Mindfulness-based interventions for binge eating: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Behav Med (2015) 38:348-362
11 Carrière K et al (2018). Mindfulness-based interventions for weight loss: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews 19, 164-177
12 KayLoni L, Olson MA, Emery CF (2015). Mindfulness and Weight Loss: A Systematic Review. Psychosomatic Medicine 77: 59Y67
13 Ruffault R et al (2017). The effects of mindfulness training on weight-loss and health-related behaviours in adults with overweight and obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obes Res Clin Pract. 2017 Sep-Oct; 11 (5 Suppl 1): 90-111
14 Definition of Intuitive Eating [Internet]. [Accessed 02 January 2020]. Available from: www.intuitiveeating.org/definition-of-intuitive-eating/
15 The Difference between Intuitive Eating and Mindful Eating. [Internet]. [Accessed 02 January 2020]. Available from: www.intuitiveeating.org/the-difference-between-intuitive-eating-and-mindful-eating/
16 Health At Every Size® Approach. [Internet]. [Accessed 10 January 2020]. Available from: www.intuitiveeating.org/the-difference-between-intuitive-eating-and-mindful-eating/

GALACTOSAEMIA - pg 43 - 45

1 Welling L, Bernstein L, Berry G et al (2017). International clinical guideline for the management of classical galactosemia: diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up. J Inherit Metab Dis (2017) 40:171-176
2 Rubio-Gozalbo M, Haskovic M, Bosch A et al (2019). The natural history of classical Galactosaemia: lessons learnt from the GalNet registry. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases. 14: 86
3 Mason and Turner (1935). Chronic Galactaemia report of case with studies no carbohydrates. Am J Dis Child. 1935; 50(2): 359-374
4 Vandenplas Y, Castrellon PG, Rivas R et al (2014). Safety of soya-based infant formulas in children. Br J Nutr 111: 1340- 60
5 The UK NSC recommendation on Galactosaemia screening in newborns (2015). https://legacyscreening.phe.org.uk/galactosemia
6 Adam S, Akroyd R, Bernabei S et al (2015). How strict is galactose restriction in adults with galactosaemia? International practice. Mol Genet Metab. May; 115(1): 23-6
7 Lee PJ, Lilburn M, Wendel U, Schadewaldt P (2003). A woman with untreated galactosaemia. Lancet 362: 446
8 Panis B, Bakker JA, Sels JPJE et al (2006a). Untreated classical galactosaemia patient with mild phenotype. Mol Genet Metab 89: 277-279. doi:10.1016/j.ymgme.2006.03.002
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