February 2018: Issue 131

1 World Health Organisation. Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. Tech Rep Ser 894. World Health Organisation: Geneva, 2000. Available at: www.who.int/nutrition/publications/obesity/WHO_TRS_894/en/ (accessed: 13th December 2017)
2 Marks P, Van Meel M, Robinson J and Robinson CL. Body composition differences by assessment methods such as DEXA, hydrostatic, bio-impedance, and Skin fold. International Journal of Exercise Science. 2015. 8(3). Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijesab/vol8/iss3/39 (accessed: 13th December 2017)
3 Gibby JT, Njeru DK, Cvetko ST, Heiny EL, Creer AR and Gibby WA. Whole-Body Computed Tomography-Based Body Mass and Body Fat Quantification: A Comparison to Hydrostatic Weighting and Air Displacement Plethysmography. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 2017, 41(2): 302-308
4 Baker C. Obesity Statistics. Briefing Paper. Number 3336, 2017. UK Parliament. House of Commons Library. Available at: researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/SN03336/SN03336.pdf (accessed 4th December 2017)
5 Zaninotto P, Head J, Stamatakis E, Wardle H and Mindell J. Trends in obesity among adults in England from 1993 to 2004 by age and social class projections of prevalence to 2012. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2009, 63(2): 140-146
6 Scottish Executive. The Scottish Health Survey (2003). Summary of key Findings. 2005. Edinburgh. Available online: www.gov.scot/Resource/Doc/924/0021055.pdf (accessed 2nd December 2017)
7 Scottish Government. Scottish Health Survey (2016). Volume 1: Main Report. 2017. Available at: www.gov.scot/Publications/2017/10/2970 (accessed 4th December 2017)
8 NHS Digital. Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet. England: 2017. Available at: www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/613532/obes-phys-acti-diet-eng-2017-rep.pdf (accessed 4th December 2017)
9 NHS National Services Scotland. Body Mass Index of Primary 1 Children in Scotland. School Year 2015/16. 2016. Available at: www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Child-Health/Publications/2016-12-13/2016-12-13-P1-BMI-Report.pdf (accessed 4th December 2017)
10 HM Government. Childhood Obesity: A Plan for Action (2016). Available at: www.gov.uk/government/publications/childhood-obesity-a-plan-for-action#history (accessed 4th December 2017)
11 The Scottish Government. A Healthier Future - Action and Ambitions on Diet, Activity and Healthy Weight. Consultation Document. 2017. Available at: https://consult.gov.scot/health-and-social-care/a-healthier-future/user_uploads/00526543.pdf (accessed 6th December 2017)
12 NHS Commissioning Board. Clinical Commissioning Policy: Complex and Specialised Obesity Surgery. 2013. Available at: www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/appndx-6-policy-sev-comp-obesity-pdf.pdf (accessed on the 10th of December 2017)
13 The National Bariatric Surgery Registry of the British Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Society. The United Kingdom National Bariatric Surgery Registry. Second Registry Report. 2014. Available at: http://nbsr.co.uk/2014-report/ (accessed 10th December 2017)
14 Dagan SS, Goldenshluger A, Globus I, Schweiger C, Kessler Y, Sandbank GK, Ben-Porat T and Sinai T. Nutritional Recommendations for Adult Bariatric Surgery Patients: Clinical Practice. Advances in Nutrition. 2017, 8: 382-394


1 nhs.uk (2017). Acute pancreatitis [online]. Available at: www.nhs.uk/conditions/acute-pancreatitis/ [accessed 11 Nov 2017]
2 Banks PA, Bollen TL, Dervenis C et al (2012). Classification of acute pancreatitis - 2012: revision of the Atlanta classification and definitions by international consensus. British Medical Journal. January 2013(62), 102-111. [Abstract]
3 BMJ (2015). Acute pancreatitis. BMJ www.bestpractice.bmj.com
4 Johnson CD, Besselink MG and Carter R (2014). Acute pancreatitis. BMJ doi: 10.1136/bmj.g4859
5 UK guidelines for the management of acute pancreatitis (2005). Gut, 54 (suppl_3), pp iii1-iii9
6 Mayerle M, Hoffmeister A, Werner J et al (2013). Chronic pancreatitis - definition, etiology, investigations and treatment. Clinical Practice Guideline. 2013(110(22)), 387-393
7 nhs.uk (2017). Chronic pancreatitis [online]. Available at: www.nhs.uk/conditions/chronic-pancreatitis/ [accessed 11 Nov 2017]
8 BMJ (2015). Chronic pancreatitis. BMJ Best practice www.bestpractice.bmj.com
9 Beger HG, Rau BM. Severe acute pancreatitis: clinical course and management. World J Gastroenterol. 2007; 13: 5043-5051
10 Jacobson BC, Vander Vliet MB, Hughes MD, Maurer R, McManus K, Banks PA. A prospective, randomised trial of clear liquids versus low-fat solid diet as the initial meal in mild acute pancreatitis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2007; 5: 946-951
11 Munsell MA and Buscaglia JM (2010). Acute pancreatitis. J Hosp Med, 5: 241-250. doi:10.1002/jhm.574
12 Kalfarentzos FE, Karavias DD, Karatzas TM, Alevizatos BA, Androulakis JA. Total parenteral nutrition in severe acute pancreatitis. J Am Coll Nutr. 1991; 10: 156-162
13 Al-Omran M, Groof A, Wilke D. Enteral versus parenteral nutrition for acute pancreatitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003; (1): CD002837
14 Marik PE, Zaloga GP. Meta-analysis of parenteral nutrition versus enteral nutrition in patients with acute pancreatitis. BMJ. 2004; 328: 1407
15 Jiang K, Chen XZ, Xia Q, Tang WF, Wang L. Early nasogastric enteral nutrition for severe acute pancreatitis: a systematic review. World J Gastroenterol. 2007; 13: 5253-5260
16 Kumar A, Singh N, Prakash S, Saraya A, Joshi YK. Early enteral nutrition in severe acute pancreatitis: a prospective randomised controlled trial comparing nasojejunal and nasogastric routes. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2006; 40: 431-434
17 McClave SA, Chang W, Dhaliwal R, Heyland DK. Nutrition support in acute pancreatitis: a systematic review of the literature. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2006; 30: 143-156
18 McClave SA, Dryden GW. Issues of nutritional support for the patient with acute pancreatitis. Semin Gastrointest Dis. 2002; 13: 154-160
19 Poropat G, Giljaca V, Hauser G, Štimac D. Enteral nutrition formulations for acute pancreatitis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 3. Art. No: CD010605. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010605.pub2
20 Rebours V, Vullierme MP, Hentic O, Maire F, Hammel P, Ruszniewski P, Lévy P. Smoking and the course of recurrent acute and chronic alcoholic pancreatitis: a dose-dependent relationship. Pancreas. 2012; 41: 1219-1224
21 Forsmark C (2013). Management of Chronic Pancreatitis. Gastroenterology, 144(6), pp 1282-1291.e3
22 Layer P, Yamamoto H, Kalthoff L, Clain JE, Bakken LJ, DiMagno EP. The different courses of early- and late-onset idiopathic and alcoholic chronic pancreatitis. Gastroenterology 1994; 107: 1481-7
23 Nice.org.uk (2017). Alcohol-use disorders: diagnosis and management of physical complications. Guidance and guidelines NICE [online]. Available at: www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg100/chapter/Recommendations#alcohol-related-pancreatitis [Accessed 12 Nov. 2017]
24 Hackert T, Schütte K and Malfertheiner P (2014). The Pancreas: Causes for Malabsorption. Viszeralmedizin, 30(3), pp 6-6
25 Domínguez-Muñoz JE et al. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2011; 26 (Suppl 2): 12-16
26 creon.co.uk. (2017). Effective dosing for PERT. Healthcare Professionals. Mylan [online]. Available at: http://creon.co.uk/effective-dosing/introduction-to-effective-dosing.html [Accessed 12 Nov 2017]
27 Imrie CW et al. Ailment Pharmacol Ther. 2010; 32 (Suppl 1): 1-25
28 Holtmann G, Nelly DG, Sternby B, DiMagno EP. Survival of human pancreatic enzymes during small bowel transit: effects of nutrients, bile acids and enzymes. Am J Physiol. 1997; 273: G553-8
29 Suzuki A, Mizumoto A, Rerknimitr R et al. Effect of bacterial or porcine lipase with low- or high-fat diets on nutrient absorption in pancreatic insufficient dogs. Gastroenterology 1999; 116: 431-7
30 Domínguez-Muñoz JE, Iglesias-García J, Vilariño-Insua M, Iglesias-Rey M. C-mixed triglyceride breath test to assess oral enzyme substitution therapy in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2007; 5: 484-8
31 Tignor AS, Wu BU, Whitlock TL et al. High prevalence of low-trauma fracture in chronic pancreatitis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2010; 105: 2680-2686
32 Stephen A McClave, Beth E Taylor, Robert G Martindale, Malissa M Warren, Debbie R Johnson, Carol Braunschweig, Mary S McCarthy, Evangelia Davanos, Todd W Rice, Gail A Cresci, Jane M Gervasio, Gordon S Sacks, Pamela R Roberts, Charlene Compher (2016). Guidelines for the Provision and Assessment of Nutrition Support Therapy in the Adult Critically Ill Patient: Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN). Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. 40(2), 159-211
33 Gupta R, Patel K, Calder PC, Yaqoob P, Primrose JN, Johnson CD. A randomised clinical trial to assess the effect of total enteral and total parenteral nutritional support on metabolic, inflammatory and oxidative markers in patients with predicted severe acute pancreatitis (APACHE II > or =6). Pancreatology. 2003; 3(5): 406-413
34 Zhang MM, Cheng JQ, Lu YR, Yi ZH, Yang P, Wu XT. Use of pre-, pro- and synbiotics in patients with acute pancreatitis: a meta-analysis. World J Gastroenterol. 2010; 16(31): 3970-3978

Page 17 THE SUGAR TAX, WHAT WE KNOW SO FAR – by Kit Kaalund Hansen

1 1 The Action on Sugar lobby group (2017). www.actiononsugar.org/index.html
2 (Philip Hammond, 2016). www.gov.uk/government/publications/soft-drinks-industry-levy/soft-drinks-industry-levy
3 Coca-Cola (2016). www.coca-cola.co.uk/blog/were-listening-to-consumers-and-taking-action-to-reduce-sugar-a-tax-wont-help?gclid=EAIaIQobChMI6sfxs4fQ2AIVL5PtCh1DfA4qEAAYASAAEgJSV_D_BwE
4 Gavin Partington, British Soft Drinks Association (2016). www.britishsoftdrinks.com/Press-releases-/response-to-the-proposed-soft-drinks-levy
5 George Osborne (2017). http://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/CDP-2017-0006
6 Philip Hammond (March 2017). www.gov.uk/government/speeches/spring-budget-2017-philip-hammonds-speech
7 BIMDG (March 2017). http://www.bimdg.org.uk/site/index.asp

Page 19 - MALNUTRITION MATTERS - by Dr Mabel Blades

1 BAPEN (2003). THE ‘MUST’ EXPLANATORY BOOKLET. Members of the Malnutrition Action Group (MAG), a Standing Committee of the British Association for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition). Edited by Todorovic V, Russell C and Elia M
2 Forbes C (2014). The Food First approach to malnutrition. Nursing and Residential Care. First published July 24th 2014
3 The MUST Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool: www.bapen.org.uk/pdfs/must/must_full.pdf
4 BAPEN (2015). Malnutrition survey of care homes. December 2015
5 Blades M (2017). The dietitian’s role in the care of older people and malnutrition risk. Dietetics Today. March 2017


1 BDA (2010). Dietary Management of Autism Spectrum Disorder (http://pursuitofresearch.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/DietaryManagementAutism.pdf)
2 The Manual of Dietetic Practice (5th Edition). J Gandy. Wiley Blackwell
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5 SACN (2015). Draft Vitamin D and Health report (www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/447402/Draft_SACN_Vitamin_D_and_Health_Report.pdf)
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Page 27 - FEEDING PREMATURE INFANTS - by Emma Derbyshire

1 King C (2009). An evidence-based guide to weaning preterm infants. Paediatrics and Child Health. Volume 19, Issue 9, pp 405-414
2 BLISS (2011). Weaning your premature baby. 7th edition. Available at: www.bliss.org.uk/weaning-your-premature-baby
3 NHS Choices (2016). Breastfeeding your premature baby. Available at: www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/breastfeeding-premature-baby.aspx
4 Tommy’s (2017). Feeding your premature baby. Available at: www.tommys.org/pregnancy-information/pregnancy-complications/premature-birth/your-babys-time-hospital/feeding-your-premature-baby
5 Domellöf M (2014). Nutritional care of premature infants: microminerals. World Rev Nutr Diet 110: 121-39
6 Fewtrell M et al (2017). Complementary Feeding: A Position Paper by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Committee on Nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 64 (1): 119-132
7 BDA (2013). Policy Statement Complementary Feeding: Introduction of Solid Foods to an Infants Diet. Available at: www.bda.uk.com/improvinghealth/healthprofessionals/policy_statement_complementary_feeding
8 NHS (2017). Weaning the premature baby. Available at: www.cuh.nhs.uk/neonatal-services/community-support/weaning-premature-baby
9 Tsang RC, Lucas A, Uauy R, Zlotkin S. Nutritional needs of the preterm infant: scientific basis and practical guidelines. Baltimore: 2006, Williams & Wilkins
10 Agostoni C, Buonocore G, Carnielli VP, De Curtis M, Darmaun D, Decsi T, Domellöf M, Embleton ND, Fusch C, Genzel-Boroviczeny O, Goulet O, Kalhan SC, Kolacek S, Koletzko B, Lapillonne A, Mihatsch W, Moreno L, Neu J, Poindexter B, Puntis J, Putet G, Rigo J, Riskin A, Salle B, Sauer P, Shamir R, Szajewska H, Thureen P, Turck D, van Goudoever JB, Ziegler EE. Enteral Nutrition Supply for Preterm Infants: Commentary from the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Committee. (ESPGHAN). JPGN 2010; 50: 1-9
11 Koletzko B, Poindexter B, Uauy R. Nutritional Care of Preterm Infants. Scientific Basis and Practical Guidelines. Karger 2014.
12 GOSH guideline: Nutrition: enteral nutrition for the preterm infant at www.gosh.nhs.uk/health-professionals/clinical-guidelines/nutrition-enteral-nutrition-preterm-infant
13 Lowdon J. Premature Feeding. Network Health Digest issue 129. Nov 2017



1 Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust. www.rbht.nhs.uk/healthprofessionals/clinical-departments/critical-care/ecmo/ecmo-referrals/
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3 Adam S, Batson S (1997). A study of problems associated with the delivery of enteral feed in critically ill patients in five ICUs in the UK. Intensive Care Medicine; 23: 261-266
4 McClave SA et al (2009). Clinical guidelines for the provision and assessment of nutrition support therapy in the adult critically ill patients: Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN). Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition; 33(3): 277-316
5 Rokyta R et al (2003). Enteral nutrition and hepatosplanchnic region in critically ill patients - friends or foes? Physio res.; 52: 31-37
6 Heyland DK et al (2003). Canadian clinical practice guidelines for nutrition support in mechanically ventilated, critically ill adult patients. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition; 25(5): 355-373
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8 Choban P, Dickerson R, Malone A, Worthington P, Compher C and the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (2013). ASPEN Clinical Guidelines, Nutrition Support of Hospitalised Adult Patients With Obesity
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2 The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union, Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety, (EC) No 178/2002, of 28th January 2002. Available from http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2002:031:0001:0024:EN:PDF (Accessed October 2017)
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8 Andy Holcroft. Grub Kitchen. www.grubkitchen.co.uk/ (Accessed October 2017)
9 Katie Grant, I. Grasshoppers and bug burgers, anyone? Something new hits the school menu, Wednesday 15th November 2017, pg 19
10 Srinroch C, Srisomsap C et al. Identification of novel allergen in edible insect Gryllus bimaculatus and its cross reactivity with Macrobrachium spp allergens. Food Chemistry, 2015 Oct 1; 184, pg 160-6. Available from www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25872439 doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.03.094. (Accessed October 2017)
11 A Barre, S Caze-Subra et al. Entomophagy and the risk of allergy. Revue Francaise d’ Allergologie, 2014, 54, pg 315-321
12 Laura Donnelly. The Telegraph. Red velvet cupcakes are fueling rise in allergies, dietitian says, available from www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/06/09/red-velvet-cupcakes-fuelling-rise-allergies-dietician-says/ . (Accessed October 2017)
13 Summon Chomchai and Chulathida Chomchai. Histamine poisoning from insect consumption: an outbreak investigation from Thailand, Clinical toxicology, 2017, available from https://doi.org/10.1080/15563650.2017.1349320 (Accessed October 2017)
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15 Cristiana Garafalo, Andrea Osimani et al. The microbiota of marketed processed edible insects as revealed by high- throughput sequencing, Food microbiology, 2017, 62, pg 15-22, available from https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fm.2016.09.012 (Accessed October 2017)
16 Nils TH, Grabowski NT and Gunter Klein. Microbiology of cooked and dried edible Mediterranean field crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus) and super worms (Zophobas atratus) submitted to four different heating treatments, Food science and technology international, 2016,23 (1), page 17-23, available from https://sagepub.co.uk DOI: 10.1177/1082013216652994. (Accessed October 2017)
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1 1 BDA Freelance Dietitian’s Group. https://freelancedietitians.org/
2 Self-Employed Nutritionists’ Support and Enlightenment. www.sense-nutrition.org.uk/factsheets/



1 The Mindfulness Initiative. Building a case for Mindfulness in the workplace, Oct 2016. http://themindfulnessinitiative.org.uk/images/reports/MI_Building-the-Case_v1.1_Oct16.pdf
2 Department for Business Innovation and Skills (2014), Does Worker Wellbeing Affect Workplace Performance? www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/366637/bis-14-1120-does-worker-wellbeing-affect-workplace-performance-final.pdf
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4 NHS Choices, Mindfulness. www.nhs.uk/Conditions/stress-anxiety-depression/Pages/mindfulness.aspx
5 NHS Choices, Five steps to Mental Wellbeing. www.nhs.uk/Conditions/stress-anxiety-depression/Pages/improve-mental-wellbeing.aspx
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